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Define a richer model of our universe

by Bruce E. Camber A first draft. Work begins on footnotes and references today.

Introduction. Our simple model of the universe outlined by our 2016 chart quickly dispels key problems within the big bang theory at the same time that it models the big bang successes quite well.

Facets of the starting point are taken as a given. Assumed are primordial numbers like Max Planck’s 1899 base units or Stoney’s 1874 base units. We have scholars like John Ralston (Univ. Kansas) who advocate for new calculations based on today’s knowledge. Notwithstanding, there are just 202 notations to encapsulate the universe — all time, all space, everywhere — by applying base-2 to Planck’s numbers. There are 203 notations using Stoney’s numbers.

The number of notations is not the key. The concept of a grid from the first moment to this day is key. There is a relational path from the first moment to the first second (Notation 143) to the first light year (Notation 169) to this very time right now (Notation 202).

All notations are active. Each notation becomes active and stays active. Only the current notation has a time asymmetry and that issue is being addressed in several ways, albeit it’s our youngest issue among all the open issues within this theory.

There is more than enough heat. The Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP) emerges within less than a second from a cold start (close to absolute zero) with Planck’s numbers. It does not matter whose numbers are used — Planck, Stoney, Lemaitre (primordial numbers based on his primordial atom), or perhaps even from Ralston’s new calculations — the QGP occurs within the first second. This infinitesimal scale is pushing us into a very different logic. Perhaps it is a transitional logic preparing us to grasp the dynamics between the finite and infinite.

There is a deep logic within this natural inflation. The thrust for an expanding universe starts with one sphere per unit of primordial time. If the expansion is then calculated for just the first second, using Planck’s base units, PlanckTime (539-tredecillion spheres per second) or StoneyTime (4605-tredecillion spheres per second) or a yet to be determined primordial time, stacking and packing of spheres becomes a key activity. The Fourier transform and other integral transforms become key.

A little footnote. Historical figures throughout time have said something like this: “The truth can make you free.” Science has empowered and set the mind free. But, it’s value-laden; that is, science loves continuity. Science loves symmetries. And, who doesn’t enjoy a good harmony? Continuity has simple values: Order. Memory. Symmetry has a more complex value: Relations. Balance. And harmony has complex values: Love. Life. Consciousness. Show me a person who doesn’t love a simple harmony and I’ll show you a very unhappy person. Continuity, symmetry and harmony define pi and together they define what is infinite.

Many scholars say that infinity is messing up science. Could their concept of infinity be wrong? We have a very large number of infinitesimal spheres per second coming from somewhere. So, from where? If we say “infinity” most scholars today will have a problem. Yet, if we say that pi is the concresence of continuity, symmetry and harmony, and that looks like a sphere, there will be fewer problems. If we say that the qualities of continuity, symmetry and harmony define the infinite, we will all have to stop and contemplate that. Think. Reflect. Be gracious… because that is exactly what is being asked of every scholar-scientist-student.

Infinity is continuity, symmetry and harmony, nothing more and nothing less. All metaphorical, confessional, or personal language is left to the individual. We will respect your privacy; please respect ours. We are not evangelizing; we are searching for the most simple truth, and that seems to be it for now.

There are geometries at work. Those who have been following this work know that it came out of a high school in December of 2011. In our geometry classes we chased tetrahedrons and octahedrons, smaller and smaller. From our classroom model to the Planck Length there were just 112 base-2 steps. Ostensibly we divided the edges by 2 and connected the new vertices. When we multiplied Planck Time by 2, there were the 112 steps to the classroom and just 90 steps to the current time. It took awhile, but that chart of 202 notations emerged in 2016. We engaged Langlands programs. We studied a bit of string theory and M-theory. We learned about cubic-close packing of equal spheres and became increasingly confident that we were onto a different model of the universe. Ours had numbers and every possible geometry right at the get go.

Describing this infinitesimal universe has been problematic. We were not scholars, not a cosmologist or astrophysicist. We are high school people. That did not stop us from discovering the work of people like Tim N. Palmer of Oxford and his work with Invariant Set Theory, or Simon White of the The International Max Planck Research School on Astrophysics who is developing a Cold Dark Matter paradigm. Here are people like Renate Loll and Lee Smolin working on causal dynamical triangulation. There have been so many brilliant scholars working within these domains yet none have acknowledged the simple domain outlined by somewhere around 202 base-2 notations. The first 64 to 67 notations are enigmatic. These notations are so infinitesimal they are beyond the measurement of even the finest instruments of the world such as the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Geneva.

Of the many challenges. Here is the basis for a natural inflation, homogeneity and isotropy, and dark energy and dark matter. Here, too, is a domain of perfection prior to quantum fluctuations and particle-wave dualities. Of course such statements push this work out into the domains of crackpottery and quackery. Yet, that’s just the beginning! If we take the base units as defined by Planck or Stoney or Lemaitre’s primordial sphere, densities are in the range of neutron stars and blackholes. It is a rather different picture of our expanding universe. Yet, the enigmatic and idiosyncratic may be necessary to open new paradigms of who we are and why.

Thank you. -BEC

For more: Presuppositions, UniverseClock, Twelve Key Concepts, The First Instants



Over the years, I have met many of the finest living scholars in the world. Many have struggled to have their work accepted. There are so many ways to interpret the same data. When the data doesn’t cohere or leaves questions unanswered, theories provide temporary work-arounds. Our theory has been known by many names. Big Board-little universe captured the sense that space and time had been disintermediated and the two would be redefined. Quiet Expansion was our simple way to distance ourselves from the Big Bang. Yet, the most descriptive was “the Mathematically-Integrated View of the Universe.” This model, to my knowledge, is the first that outlines the universe with mathematics — both numbers and geometries. -BEC
















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