This “light” pervades all 202 notations that define the universe.


Max Planck Redefined Light In 1899

by Bruce Camber

Planck Time

1.  This equation (right) is from Max Planck and

__it defines what is now known as Planck Time (tP):


2.  Looking at just that first equivalence.

___Planck Length (lP) divided by light equals tP.

3.  Re-written for c, Planck Length divided by Planck Time

Planck Length Planck Time

___is equal to light; the simple equation seems to tell us

___something magical about light and space-and-time.

4. Three simple validations: (a) Divide Planck Length by Planck Time

___  it is equal to .001% of the speed of light in a vacuum.  (b) Of the

___ 202 base-2 notations from Planck Time to the Age of the Universe,

___ between Notations 143 and 144, at one second it is also within .001%

___ of the speed of light in a vacuum, and (c) at every notation that same

___ calculation for all 201 other notations is within .1%. This chart works.

NASA: Sunrise on International Space Station
First light, 2016, ISS

People like Nima Arkani-Hamed say, “Space-time is doomed.” Of course, the speed of light is more than the speed of photons. We ask, “Could one face of light look and feel like space, another face like time, another face like mass and the fourth face like charge or energy?” Why not?

Light fundamentally defines the relation between space and time If continuity is a first principle for order, memory, intelligence and logic, we can watch — follow the numbers — and see how it is carried throughout every one of the 202 doublings from the Planck Time and Planck Length to the Age of the Universe and the Observable Universe respectively. Consider line 10 within the horizontally-scrolled chart of the 202 doublings. Let us assume that it starts at the very beginning of universe with Planck Time and that it unfolds with each step (or each doubling) right up to this current moment.

Within this simple model of the universe, light permeates each and every one of the 202 clusters, or domains or doublings, or groups, or notations, or sets. At the one second mark, as one might expect, the doubling of Planck Length approximates the distance light travels within a second. These figures along line 10 are all approximations, however, within .1% of the laboratory defined speed of light in a vacuum. It would appear that this simple calculation, in some manner of speaking, encourages our simple logic within this chart and model.

Further, one might now hedge a guess that every domain uniquely defines a bit of who we are. And, being a bit more speculative, one might say that each domain is more richly defined as the universe continues its expansion into what we might poetically call the infinite harmonies of life.

So, let there be Light!


Observations & Questions: The simple equation comes right out of Max Planck’s 1899 work when he first defined Planck Time, Planck Length, Planck Mass and Planck Charge. Divide each notational value of Planck Length (space) by that same notational value of Planck Time and you will always approximate the speed of light every moment along the way right from the very first moment of time.

In 2019, the SI unit for Planck Length was defined as 1.616299(38)×10−35 meters, Planck Time was defined as 5.391247(60)×10−44 seconds. Divide Planck Length by Planck Time. It equals 299,792,422.79 meters/second. Prior to 2019, the SI units for Planck Time was 5.39106(32)×10−44 seconds and Planck Length, 1.616255(18)×10−35 meters (299, meters/second).

The scientific community ignored Planck’s equations for over 100 hundred years; we are looking for any studies regarding the place and importance of this equivalence.  Do you know of anybody who has studied it in depth?  Our Google and ArXiv searches have not given us much satisfaction.  Contact…

Einstein showed us how light, space and time are inextricably woven. All of these numbers open a path to tell us so much more.  Although the simple logic goes right back inside the very definition of Planck Time and Planck Length, it appears that this simple equation hasn’t been verbalized, articulated and studied at any point within our academic or intellectual history. We’ll continue our search, but can you help?

This universe is enveloped with light.

Sunrise over the Atlantic Ocean

Mostly non-visible yet penetrating everything, everywhere for all time, within our model, here is a primordial carrier frequency once thought of as the ether. Notwithstanding, this formal definition, also involves the gravitational constant and the Planck Mass which is also a physical constant.  We believe that this Planck scale is quite unlike any definition heretofore given by the academic-and-scholarly community in that it is defined by all the dimensionless constants that define our Planck base units.  More

So, we say, “Yes, let there be light…”     More

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