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The Universe Clock is part of a mapping project whereby we learn about the early universe by applying base-2 to the Planck base units (time, length, mass, charge) and go to the age and size of the universe within 202 doublings (notations, steps, or sets).
A report to NASA Marshall Space Flight Center for their SpaceApp Challenge
One Year: 31,556,952 seconds (31.5 million seconds between the 168th and 169th notations )
Ten Years: 315,569,520 seconds (315 million seconds)
100 Years: 3,155,695,200 seconds (3.15 billion seconds, i.e. more than most lifetimes)
1000 years: 31,556,952,000 (s) is 31.5 billion seconds between the 178th and 179th notations.
— 10,000 years: 315,569,520,000 (s) is very close to Notation 182 (330,491,912,986 seconds).
— 100,000 years: 3,1556,952,000,000 (s) is 3.155 trillion seconds and is between notations 185 and 186.
One million years: 31,556,952,000,000 (s), 31.5+ trillion seconds between 188-and-189
— 10,000,000 years: 315,569,520,000,000 (315 trillion) near the 192nd notation.
— 100,000,000 years: 3,1556,952,000,000,000 (3.1 quadrillion) between the 195th and 196th notations.
One billion years: 31,556,952,000,000,000 (s), 31.55 quadrillion seconds (See 198-199).
— Multiplied by 13.82 (versus 13.79) is equal to 436,117,076,640,000,000 (earliest part of Notation-202).
Please Note: When we get an exact date and time for the measurement by one of the agencies doing such measurements of the approximate age of the universe, we will adjust our calculations, then turn this clock on! We will also need to learn how to implement an appropriate “digital clock code” within our most-limited version of WordPress (i.e. free).
Determining that base number. We know there are 60 seconds in a minute, 3600 seconds in an hour, 86,400 seconds per day (and 604,800 per week and approximately 18,144,000 per month (using 30 days). The calculations for seconds per year vary. It is an on-going problem and imperfect calculation. We have used the Wikipedia discussion to answer the question, “How many seconds within a year?” We follow the International Standards of Quantities (ISO 80000-3), for the average Gregorian year, 365.2425 days per years. We’re always open to change.
Today, these seem to be the most-common estimates:
- 31,536,000 seconds uses 365 days per year
- 31,556,952 seconds uses 365.2425 per year
- 31,557,600 seconds uses 365.25 days per year
For now, we will use 31,556,952 seconds/year. 31,556,952,000,000,000 in a billion years or an aeon. Multiply 31,556,952,000,000,000 by 13.82 (billion years) and you get 436,117,076,640,000,000. For this page and to provide the number above, we could add add about ten years — 315,569,520 seconds — to the total.
Most of us think the universe has no age. It is forever. Fortunately, among all our disagreements, some consensus is developing as a result of data provided by the Planck space observatory [European Space Agency (ESA), 2009 to 2013]. Time is finite.
If we believe that the Planck space observatory’s measurements are correct (and we are still wrestling with the proper interpretation of that data), the universe is between 13.79-and-13.82 billion years old (as of measurements probably closer to 2013 than 2009). Multiply 13.82 billion times 31,556,952 seconds and it should equal approximately 436,117,076,640,000,000 seconds.
Again, once we learn how to code advancing seconds within this WordPress base platform, we’ll crank it up and The Universe Clock will go live! The URL, http://universeclock.com (as well as .net, and .org and .us) will point to some aspect of it.
Why is this Universe Clock of interest?
In 1716 Isaac Newton won a de facto debate with Gottfried Leibniz. It was not because he had the better argument. He didn’t. Leibniz died and he was unable to respond through Newton’s intermediary, Samuel Clarke. Newton’s point of view became dominant, and then it became commonsense. We all grew up believing that space and time were absolute. Many different studies today are demonstrating that the universe is actually quite finite. It has a beginning and the so-called end is the current time and the current size and expansion of the Universe.
That changes everything. And, the Universe Clock brings it home. It opens the dialogue and begins to demonstrate the finiteness of time. It makes the universe and the entire expanse of time more tangible and alive.
This work started in December 2011 within a high school geometry class in New Orleans. It has progressed rather slowly.
To see a chart of the universe from the Planck units to the Age of the Universe, go to https://81018.com/chart/ It is all very simple math – multiplication by 2 (sometimes called doubling or powers of two or base-2 exponentiation).
Why? First, it gives us a completely integrated view of the universe. Second, it opens a new door on the infinitesimally small universe, notations 1 to 67. If this logic holds and there are fields within fields within fields, we should begin to better understand the basis for homogeneity and isotropy. Here we should discover the simple math that defines dark energy and dark matter just by following the progressions of Planck Mass and Planck Charge. Our goal is to define it well enough that all of us finally begin to outgrow all the various forms of a big bang theory (bbt) to a richer understanding of this natural inflation. It seems that all of the bbt epochs are more accurately and pointedly defined through the natural inflation of these progressions.
An invitation: Please let us know what you think.
History of this page:
- Thursday, July 4, 2019: Thinking about 13.81 billion years within the λ-CDM concordance model with uncertainty down to 21 million years. That uncertainty, if multiplied by 31,556,952 seconds (seconds/year) is equal to 436.117 quadrillion
- Sunday, March 3, 2019: This page gets lifted up as this homepage. Learning about the finiteness of time appears to be step 1 to adopt an integrated Universe View.
- Sunday, July 2, 2017: Corrected simple multiplication errors. Added links.
- Thursday, May 18, 2017: @sciencebase How old is the universe when measured in 2013? 13.82 billion years (ESA-Planck-2013). How many seconds is that? 436,117,076,640,000,000. http://universeclock.com
- First email to reference this blog: May 14, 2017 sent to Phil Plait, author,
The Universe Is 13.82 Billion Years Old (written March 21 2013)
- First Tweets: May 14, 2017
@BadAstronomer You inspired it just two hours ago: http://universeclock.com ( a product of http://81018.com )
@TimWetherell http://universeclock.com is a product of http://81018.com
@chelswhyte Let’s get loud: http://81018.com Help open the universe up in a logical way. Be a voice in the wilderness.
- First posted on May 14, 2017
Symbolic gestures: Two symbolic times mark the beginning of life. The first is the time of conception when a new life begins. The other is the time of birth, when the cord is cut and that new life becomes independent. Although many cultures record the day and time of birth, not often is the earlier date (conception) recorded. In some cultures the day and time of conception is more important; and surely, the approximate “second of conception” would be a symbolic gesture. Notwithstanding, if both time stamps were given, the following calculations could provide symbolic points for celebrations:
- The first million seconds: Somewhere just over eleven days, this celebration would be symbolic, yet perhaps an inspirational moment.
- The first 10 million seconds: Just over 111 days this celebration would also amount to a symbolic gesture, yet again, possibly inspirational.
- The first 100 million seconds: Just over three years, and now, every 3.1709 years adds another 100 million seconds.
- The first billion seconds: Now just over 33 years, most of us will not live beyond 100 years or 3,155,695,200 seconds (3.15 billion seconds). Using seconds, does it all seems a bit shorter?