Part II: Planck’s constant called into action or called into question?

Please note:
Started on Tuesday, October 9, 2018, the most-recent update of this page was October 12, 2018.

That it is “under construction” is understatement

Most often pages are not developed in public, yet in order to collaborate, this one is out in the open. If you are here, let me say that it’ll need substantial help along its way so your comments are encouraged.  –Bruce

Related page:

What is the key question?

Our focus is on a research project out of the University of Dublin, Trinity Dublin College, Centre for Research on Advanced Nanostructures and Nanodevices (CRANN) where three scholar-scientists concurred on the following statement:

Within all forms of light, the angular momentum is a multiple of Planck’s constant and an unexpected half-integer total angular momentum can arise for light.

The title of one press release is:  “Physicists discover a new form of light.”

Antithesis: How Planck’s constant misleads us

2018:  Lawrence, Kansas., John Ralston

John P. Ralston (University of Kansas) has been on a mission for several years. He says that Planck’s constant cannot be observed in quantum theory  and that it is entirely a construct of human history and convention. 3 Though there are contradictions and paradoxes when Planck’s constant is eliminated, Ralston says, “The end result is a simpler and cleaner vision of what quantum mechanics and quantum field theory really involve.” He appeals to commonsense. The Newtonian conception of mass is constrained by quantum field theory so he avoids Newtonian conception of mass and eliminates redundant holdovers so he can recalibrate the electron mass (with a relative error 67 times smaller than before). Without the Newton, Ralston claims, “The fundamental unit of electric charge is determined more than 100 times more accurately than the current determination of the international committees.”

3  Inspire  and  Google Scholar
The Muon Experimental Anomalies Are Explained by a New Interaction Proportional to Charge

Endpoint Model of Exclusive Processes:  The endpoint model explains the scaling laws observed in exclusive hadronic reactions at large momentum transfer in all experimentally important regimes. The model, originally conceived by Feynman and others, assumes a single valence quark …

The theory of everything

John Craig MartensJohn P. Ralston (Kansas U.). Jun 20, 2016. 34 pp.
e-Print: arXiv:1606.06209 [hep-ph] | PDF

Read more at:

“Our work is the first to show such behaviour for photons, and suggests that other aspects of this physics might be possible with light. Quantum optics gives the ability to transmit quantum information over large distances and process it at very high speeds. We have identified a new form of a familiar property, optical angular momentum, that may prove useful in such developments, and gives a new twist in our understanding of light. ”

Eastham began his work with Bose-Einstein Condensates.

Using a restricted symmetry leads to a new form of total angular momentum, which has a half-integer of the fermionic …”   What’s it have to do with light?

I do not yet have a visceral understanding of the Planck Constant.

Related articles: The Planck Constant. It is a very special number developed by Max Planck in 1899. Planck was Germany’s Einstein before Einstein. In 1905 he was a highly-respected professor who actually encouraged Albert Einstein and the publication of his five seminal articles in scientific journal, Annalen der Physik. At that time, the Annalen was the world’s foremost journal of physics and it commands deep respect even to this day.


A universal linear endpoint behavior explains the proton electromagnetic form factors F1F1 and F2F2 ,

More  Notes and stuff:

“…it has recently been shown that independent spin and orbital angular momenta can be defined beyond this limit (19, 34, 35).

E=hf={\frac {hc}{\lambda }}\,\!

What kind of light is it? Is it visible? Is it really light? Let’s explore some of their statements.

Wave–particle duality  The absorbed energy of the EM waves is called a photon, and represents the quanta of light.

Back in 2012, I was told to pay attention to the reduced Planck constant — I’m trying —  but now this was something totally new. They affirm Max Planck’s definition of  the Planck Constant in that it sets the scale of quantum effects. Then they go on to explain how their new form of light is defined such that the angular momentum of a photon takes only half of this value.

Using Microsoft’s search engine, I just binged “the Planck Constant sets the scale of quantum effects” and it returned many documents to explore. I am trying to minimize my use of Google just to be sure they can cite among their competition another company that was hounded for its ruthless successes in the marketplace, of course, Microsoft.

Synthesis I:Synthesis II:

Endnotes, Footnotes, Resources, References

Possible Images:

TCD-light TCD Spiralized Light

Paul R. EasthamKyle E. Ballantine,  John F. Donegan

In physics, the term light sometimes refers to electromagnetic radiation of any wavelength

What is light? Who over the years has defined it most incisively? What more can we  learn about it?  Typically referring to visible light, the spectrum from 400-to-700 nanometers.

Smaller:  Ultraviolet (10 nm to 400 nm) and X-rays .01 to 10 nanometers….  1   

Larger:  infraredmicrowaves,radio waves

Infrared in relation to electromagnetic spectrum

Light comparison[9]
Name Wavelength Frequency (Hz) Photon energy (eV)
Gamma ray less than 0.01 nm more than 30 EHz 124 keV – 300+ GeV
X-ray 0.01 nm – 10 nm 30 EHz – 30 PHz 124 eV  – 124 keV
Ultraviolet 10 nm – 400 nm 30 PHz – 790 THz 3.3 eV – 124 eV
Visible 400 nm–700 nm 790 THz – 430 THz 1.7 eV – 3.3 eV
Infrared 700 nm – 1 mm 430 THz – 300 GHz 1.24 meV – 1.7 eV
Microwave 1 mm – 1 meter 300 GHz – 300 MHz 1.24 µeV – 1.24 meV
Radio 1 meter – 100,000 km 300 MHz – 3 Hz 12.4 feV – 1.24 µeV
Band Descriptor Wavelength range
O band Original 1260–1360 nm
E band Extended 1360–1460 nm
S band Short wavelength 1460–1530 nm
C band Conventional 1530–1565 nm
L band Long wavelength 1565–1625 nm
U band Ultralong wavelength 1625–1675 nm

γ = Gamma rays
HX = Hard X-rays
SX = Soft X-rays
EUV = Extreme ultraviolet
NUV = Near ultraviolet

Visible light

NIR = Near Infrared
MIR = Mid infrared
FIR = Far infrared

Radio waves

EHF = Extremely high freq.
SHF = Super high freq.
UHF = Ultra high freq.
VHF = Very high freq.
HF = High freq.
MF = Medium freq.
LF = Low freq.
VLF = Very low freq.

VF = Voice freq.

ULF = Ultra low freq.
SLF = Super low freq.
ELF = Extremely low freq.