**Died**: 17 September 2021

**Thanu Padmanabhan**, Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, (IUCAA), Pune, India

Articles: More than 240 articles and papers

________Planck length: Lost + found. October 2020

_______ *The Universe Began With a Big Melt, Not a Big Bang, Nautilus, 2017*

_______ Do we *really* understand the cosmos?, 2017

ArXiv: Atoms of spacetime & cosmological constant (2017)

______ Probing the Planck scale (June 2020)

Books: Nine books- Cambridge University Press (CUP)

_______*After the First Three Minutes*, CUP, 1998

_______*Structure Formation in the Universe*, CUP, 1993

______ *The Dawn of Science, *Springer, Heidelberg, 2019

Homepage(s): CV, Fetzer Franklin Fund, inSpire^{HEP}, Twitter, Wikipedia

YouTube: Advanced Topics in General Relativity

**References within this website:**

1. https://81018.com/empower/ and https://81018.com/empower/#Thanu

2. https://81018.com/transformation/#4f and https://81018.com/transformation/#4b

3. https://81018.com/planck-scholars/

4. https://81018.com/2020/01/26/comm3/

The primary reference on this site is this page: https://81018.com/2020/01/29/padmanabhan/

Most recent email: Thursday, June 23, 2021, 8:30 AM

Dear Prof. Dr. Thanu Padmanabhan:

I thought you would want to know that I am circling back through your work so you’ll see your image along with seven others at the top of the homepage: https://81018.com/ The URL when not a homepage is: https://81018.com/empower/

I am now working on a paragraph about your work under “References.”

Other scholars will be directed to it. If you object, I can easily remove the reference to you. If it needs correction, please advise me. I’ll update it as expeditiously as possible. Thanks so much.

Warmly,

Bruce

PS. My primary reference page to your work is here:

https://81018.com/2020/01/29/padmanabhan/ –BEC

Fifth email: Thursday, May 13, 2021, 6:54 PM

Dear Prof Dr. Thanu Padmanabhan:

Are you familiar with the work of John Ralston? He is quite critical of Max Planck’s calculation for the Planck constant. As a result, last week I asked him for a better calculation of the Planck base units without the constant. Of course, Stoney did his calculations 25 years earlier and gives us alternative figures. Ralston has not commented on Stoney’s work yet.

You are one of the earliest scholars to engage the Planck units. You, along with John Barrow, were thinking about fundamental constants well before Frank Wilczek, Michael Duff, or Gabriele Veneziano.

Notwithstanding, you all *de facto *became my teachers. Though not a very good student, I am tenacious and stubborn and I am forever hoping that one of you will help me do a course correction. I will finally learn something very new that informs the error of my ways for the past nine years and perhaps a little less judgmentally for the past 50 years.

**This week’s homepage is a review of nine simple concepts**. It starts with this concept:

Our Universe begins with pi, a keyway for all dimensionless constants.

The other eight of them are equally idiosyncratic in light of today’s thought leaders. All the big-bang advocates were so intransigent and such good salespeople. I think our base-2 numbers do a good job emulating a big bang without the bang *per se*; it all starts cold like Lemaitre dreamt in 1927, but by the Notation-134, in a little less than a second, the temperature reaches a level that supports the QGP.

Most respectfully I would enjoy hearing your comments on those nine simple constructs. Is there any possibility? Thank you.

Most sincerely,

Bruce

*********************

Bruce E. Camber

PS. Health is so very important; and with this note, I send you my best wishes for your continued good health. -BEC

Fourth email: Wednesday, March 3, 2021, 9:54 AM

Dear Prof Dr. Thanu Padmanabhan:

My first question: Can we open up the front end of the Standard Model with data sets from the Planck Base Units?

If yes, might we assume, as a thought experiment:

1. Those Planck base units manifest as a basic building block and that building block is spherical.

2. This spherical building block manifests the qualities of pi and cubic-close packing of equal spheres and the Fourier Transform.

3. Planck Time defines a rate of expansion and dynamic labeling. The rate by which those building blocks emerge is 539.11 tredecillion units per second. Can we begin thinking anew about the aether, dark energy and dark matter, and the basis of homogeneity and isotropy?

Might that help to mitigate our inherent proclivity toward solipsism? Thank you.

Most sincerely,

Bruce

PS. The links embedded above are as follows:

1. Planck units (notations 1-202): https://81018.com/chart/

2. Thought experiment: https://81018.com/instance/

3. Pi, a basic building block: https://81018.com/challenge/

4. ccp: https://81018.com/ccp/

5. Fourier: https://81018.com/essentials/

6. Planck Time/second – 539.11 tredecillion: https://81018.com/challenge/#6f

7. Aether: https://81018.com/aether/

8. Dark energy and dark matter: https://81018.com/dark/

9. Homogeneity and isotropy: https://81018.com/h-i/

10. Solipsism: https://81018.com/solipsism/

Thanks again. -BEC

From my last note to you: Max Planck ignored his own calculations. Perhaps he didn’t know what to do with them. It took out-of-the-box thinkers, a bold scholar like C. Alden Mead, to open that door. In 1959 he wrote about the place of the Planck scale. Leading first-principles scholars like John Barrow (1982) and Thanu Padmanabhan (1985) also began wrestling with the Planck units. Frank Wilczek finally broke open the Planck scale to the world in 2001 with a series of articles in Physics Today.

Third email: Wednesday, January 29, 2019, 8:08 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. Thanu Padmanabhan,

I am back re-reading your voluminous work. You are a natural scholar and have been thinking about the nature of time for a long time. Is absolute space and time necessary for any of our most-promising, current theories to work?

Thank you.

Regards,

Bruce

Second email: Tuesday, September 24, 2019, 12:23 AM

Thank you for your acknowledgement.

https://81018.com/transformation/#4f

https://81018.com/transformation/#4b

Your work is back on my schedule for my morning read!

I was hoping that you might have some corrective advice.

It’s not easy being quite so idiosyncratic!

Thank you.

Regards,

Bruce

First email: Thursday, August 1, 2019, 11:19 AM

References: http://www.iucaa.in/~paddy/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thanu_Padmanabhan

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000349168580004X

http://repository.iucaa.in:8080/jspui/bitstream/11007/50/1/31_1985.pdf

Dear Prof. Dr. Thanu Padmanabhan,

I have come to you through your 1985 Science Direct article,*Physical significance of Planck Length* (PDF) and because it seems to be one of the earliest papers to explore the Planck Length, it is referenced in an article along with Alden Mead, John Barrow, and Frank Wilczek.

I just posted it today. You are also in the footnotes.

Fair warning, my writing and thinking is quite idiosyncratic. Some probably

think its entirely idiotic. That seems to be the nature of life in our unusual

times!

You are obviously a genius given your extraordinary history. If you have any comments, I would be very pleased. You have a refreshing sense of humor: “The Answer.” After trying to grasp your older work from 1985, I’ll move up to your more recent articles and books.

Thanks again.

Bruce

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