by Bruce Camber, November 15, 2016

The answer to that question appears to be, “Yes.” There is a very simple, natural process by which natural inflation quietly encapsulates the universe.

[1] Start at Planck Length / Planck Time and Planck Mass / Planck Charge and accept for now that there is a thrust within this initial start of the universe. In just 202 doublings you arrive at the current Age of the Universe and the current size of the universe. Here is a detailed matrix of just over 202 columns to follow the simple logic whereby each Planck base unit doubles over and over and over again. *More…*

[2] Logical, most-simple, integrated, and predictive, this mathematical view of the universe can be tested, compared and contrasted with many of the existent measurements currently accepted within every dimension of science from particle physics to cosmology and astrophysics. *More*…

[3] It should be noted, however, that over two-thirds of the entire chart is a focus on the first second of creation (from the first notation through to notation 144). *More*…

[4] If you will open the chart online, you will notice that it is easily scrolled left and right. Please scroll it horizontally to the left up from the first ten notations right up the one second mark at 143, and then to the light year, encapsulated within notation 169. In just the first year of the universe, 169 out of 202 notations have come to life. There within the 179th notation is 1000 years, a simple millennium, and within notation 189, a million years. ” *More*…

[5] The first aeon, a billion years, is within notation 199. The universe is still young and within this model. If compared to a human life, you might say the universe is still in elementary school.

[6] Now, let’s look at the last group of numbers. Notation 200 is 2.744 billion years. Notation 201 is 5.4908 billion years. And, Notation 202 is 10.9816 billion years. Because in this model time is discrete, we add all the notations together and find that at the beginning of Notation 202, 10.9816 billion years has passed and, if the universe is between 13.81 and 14.1 billion years, all of human history is easily within a very small part of notation 202.

[7] Our study of the cumulative nature of addition and multiplication is on-going. By comparing the raw data of big bang cosmology with the base-2 numbers, this simple, little model would appear to provide a clear alternative.

[8] It reinforces the extensive work on natural inflation, and it provides a very different entry point for questions about Dark Energy and Dark Matter, isotropy-and-homogeneity, and the very nature of space-and-time and the finite-and-infinite.

Not until February 2014 had anybody done the simple-but-tedious work to double the infinitesimal Planck Time, then double each result 201 more times. As a consequence, this matrix or grid has had very limited study.

[9] The 202-column chart of the universe that starts at Planck Time and goes to the Age of the Universe reveals a simple logic for a natural inflation that mimics big bang cosmology. Stephen Hawking’s infinitely-hot bang and the *axionic inflaton* of MIT’s Alan Guth (Phys. Rev. D23, 347, 1981) have an alternative.

Because it is an entirely predictive chart, this nascent base-2 model can readily be tested with existing data from all other models of the universe.

**References are all to other articles**:

[1] Start from the bottom: https://81018.com/bottom-up/

[2] Most-basic transformations: https://81018.com/transformation/

[3] The thrust of the universe: https://81018.com/thrust/

[4]The Chart: https://81018.com/chart

[5] On measuring the universe with the Planck Units: https://81018.com/planck_universe/

[6] The First Second: https://81018.com/chart/#142

[7] A light year: https://81018.com/chart/#Year

[8] An aeon: https://81018.com/chart/#Aeon

[9] Alternatives to big bang cosmology: https://81018.com/2016/10/13/flood/

[10] Space-time, finite-infinite: https://81018.com/infinite/ and Stephen Hawking and Alan Guth: https://81018.com/big/

**ArXiv and Wikipedia Resources**:**• Natural Inflation**: Consistency with Cosmic Microwave Background Observations

__ Katherine Freese (Univ. of Michigan), William H. Kinney (Univ. at Buffalo, SUNY)**• **Wikipedia: On Inflation… Specially focus on the Criticisms**• **Modified Planck Units