**A working draft because it is an open question**.

**Initiated:*** *November 2015** **

**Space and time, the Power of Two**: Of course, thousands of scholarly books and articles have been written about the subject. Yet, at no time in our history has space and time been interpreted within a model of the universe that applies base-2 exponential notation (exponentiation) to the Planck base units, particularly Length, Time, Mass and Charge. Such a progression of doublings renders a most remarkable fact — there are 202 base-2 notations (clusters, doublings, groups, sets, steps, etcetera) from the smallest to the largest possible measurements of a length and from the beginning of time to this present moment.

It is a simple mathematical and logical calculation. The results seem quite impossible and rather illogical, but on its most simple surface, results are results.

**Discrete, quantized, finite and derivative**. Indeed, within this simple construct of the universe, space and time appear to be discrete, quantized, finite and derivative. Each notation creates a simple range of a size within which appropriate things manifest and take their place in the universe. In this initial view of this model, the nature of each space-and-time is uniquely defined by the other Planck base units.

Each notation works across these base units as well as up and down each individual column. To locate where we are today within this chart, we always must go to the very largest measurement of time which we might call the Now, or the present moment, or perhaps, just “today.” *If* it is best measured by what we call, today, then the gauge that measures time may simply be sleep and time is always a profoundly subjective experience.

Of course, with our atomic clocks that statement flies in the face of our current realities.

Also, we have been examining the common elements of our daily experiences within the 67th to the 134 notations. Although we live in the current moment, some essential aspect of our being exists within the scales of the human domain. Our essence comes from within this Planck Length column within very definitive notations, yet our living and experiencing is always within the largest measurement of time currently discerned to be notation 202. It is still a question. There’ll be much more discussion about how notations are “added” together and the meaning of derivative, discrete, finite and quantized continue to evolve.

**Epistemology and ethics**. Also, as we move forward with our analysis, it seems that this model suggests that to the degree that we are whole, intelligent and good may be measured by how aware we are of all the notations that make up who we are within any given moment in time.

So, if we have correctly found that there are no more than 202 areas (spaces or lengths) in all of creation, then what is time? It would seem that each “time notation” is the simple range of speeds by which transactions take place within each of those areas. And, just like length, there are no more than 202 transactional ranges of speed within the entire universe. None ever expire, they each evolve as all the others evolve and our sense of beingness is a composite or instant compilation from many notations.

*Please note*: That is one of the most unusual statements made within this study to date.

Of course, this is a working draft, a work in progress, seeking meaning.

The summary was initiated on Wednesday, November 25, 2015. We will continue to come back to it frequently to see if its logic holds and then to see if the logic can be extended to specific applications within the sciences, particularly to the history of measurement, to the interpretation of cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) and the continued expansion of the universe, and even out to issues like the definition and nature of personhood. Thank you.

**Related articles**:

- The current homepage will always in some way address these issues. Also: https://81018.com/uni-verse/
- Dark Matter, Dark Energy, Cosmology and the Large-scale universe (November 2015) https://81018.com/2015/11/26/matter/
- Quiet Expansion: Do the dynamics deflate the big bang theory? https:///81018.com/2014/09/10/qe/
**If space and time are derivative, then derivative of what?**That discussion will also evolve from the top navigation bar tab, Logic.- Scholars: Brown, Davies, DiSalle, Lightman, Penrose, Sklar

**Reference**: *The emergence of space and time, *Christian Wüthrich,

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1804.02184.pdf

Sophie Gibb, Robin Finlay Hendry, and Tom Lancaster (eds.),

*Routledge Handbook of Emergence*