# A Study of Notation #107

Overview: Although time is certainly within the measurable range of today’s devices, at 8.748×10-12 seconds, it is hardly perceptible by a human being. The length at 2.6224 millimeters is quite common. All things around the size of a small ant are included. Yet, the mass continues to be non-intuitive. At 3.5315×1023 kilograms, it is still less than the weight of the earth, but it is hard to imagine as the size of an ant.

Planck Charge multiple: The coulombs scale has grown to a formidable 3.0433×1014 or 3.04 teracoulombs. We will try to assess the meaning of that number by also studying the faraday constant which equals 96,485.3399 coulombs.

Painfully obvious, we have substantial work to do within this analysis.

For example, would it be correct to think of 3.04 teracoulombs in terms of a lightening bolt? Might it be calculated as 304,000,000,000,000 or 304,000 trillion lightening bolts per second? Yes, we do need help!

Planck Temperature: With Notation 107, we have approached the temperature of the sun. By the 107th notation it is 3.5765×103 K.

Although the Planck Temperature is not one of the basic four Planck units, its derivation resulted in an extremely hot temperature that became the basis of big bang cosmology. Big bang cosmologists had to ignore the four base units to make Planck temperature their focal point from which their theory would evolve.

With our inherent logic that everything starts simply and small, the Planck Temperature, 1.416.808×1032 Kelvin was placed within Notation 203 at the top of the scale. It is line 7 within our horizontally-scrolled chart. At Notation 1 it has dropped to 4.4084×10-27 (K).

Kelvin is an unusual temperature scale. Now, going up the scale, with every new notation, it is getting unusually hot, yet the mass and length are also becoming unusually large.

Consider Notation 97 or 3.4927 Kelvin is -453.38314 degrees Fahrenheit or -269.6573 degrees Celsius well within the range for high-temperature superconductors. Superconducting temperatures range from -220 degrees Fahrenheit or-140 degrees Celsius at normal pressures, and -164 F and -109 C at high pressures.

Consider these temperatures:

• The human body temperature is 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. That is equal to 310.15 Kelvin (again, between notations 103 and 104).
• The Sun’s temperature is 5778 K. It is between notations 107 and 108.
• Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP). Requiring an estimated temperature of 2×1012 Kelvin to create the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP), this process could begin as early as notations 136 and 137. It requires 175 MeV per particle. We’ll need some help to figure that out.

The universe is less than one-hundredth of a second from its start. As we have observed, within this model, each notation is alive and well and still part of the sustaining infrastructure of the universe.

Of course, there will be much more analysis forthcoming.

### To continue this analysis we will be calling on the mathematics departments of universities and colleges around the world.

We will dig deeper into the first three notations and develop the analysis of the remaining three notations. Still basic information. We have substantial work to do within this analysis yet here we are gaining some confidence that these numbers are telling a plausible story that has a bit more logic than the stories told about inflation, super luminal speeds, and the inflaton. Much more to come

 Notation T (seconds) L (meters) M (kilograms) C (Coulombs) T (Kelvin) 107 8.748×10-12.s 2.6224 mm 3.5315×1023kg 3.0433×1014C 3.5765×103 K