Ralston, John Peter

John P. Ralston
University of Kansas
Department of Physics and Astronomy
Lawrence, KS 66045

ArXiv (76): Quantum Theory without Planck’s Constant, Mar 2012
Books: How to Understand Quantum Mechanics, IOP, 2018; Emergent un-Quantum Mechanics, 2013
Google Scholar
inSPIREHEP: Revising your world-view of the fundamental constants, 2013
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Fifth email: February 4, 2021, 1:58 PM

Might you share the answers to your Pop Quiz or must I embarrass myself and submit my guesses to receive the right answers?!? Might the quiz be a good four-part video? I am thinking 26:46 minutes each for PBS member stations. May I add a few questions?

On a personal note, another quick question: Could the Planck base (adjusted for work on the Planck Constant) units be a description of the first instant in time?



Fourth email: October 9, 2018, 2 PM

Article Title:  Redefining Light  That link goes to Part I, the Thesis.

Lead: Planck’s constant: Called into action or called into question?

Part II: Antithesis and still untitled, possibly “Redefining Light: Part II.

Working notes linkhttps://81018.com/Ralston

Dear Prof. Dr. John Ralston:

It looks like that article about light and the Planck Constant will be in three sections.
The first section, as given today, requires a few more hours of editing.

My working notes have also been moved into a new page:  https://81018.com/ralston/ where Part II will be developed over the next week or so. That will be primarily focused on your work.
Part III is open. It may well be a synthesis using the base-2 chart.

When I am well on my way with the explanation of your work, I’ll drop another note and, of course, I will anticipate that you will be as critical as you need to be. Thanks.


Bruce E. Camber

Third email: October 3, 2018, 8:55 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. John Ralston,

I am now reading your ResearchGate papers and ArXiv’s as fast as I can and yet slow enough to grasp your essence. To date, I had relied on Frank Wilczek’s encouragement, “Explore the Planck base units!”  I asked, “Do they double? Can I multiply them by 2?”  No real answer… “You can multiply them by anything you want!” (Sabine Hossenfelder) So, I ask, “Is it meaningful?” No real answer. 

The path from infinity to pi. I’ve now also started that research of the Ralston collection. Is pi the first manifestation of physicality at the very beginning? Were the Planck base units in some measure present? Obviously I am not a big fan of Hawking, Guth and the Big Bang folks…

PS. I like your exaggerations! I’ll show you some of mine about your work soon.


Bruce E. Camber

Second email: Tuesday, October 2, 2018, 2:28 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. John Ralston:

Do you stand by your article (ArXiv 2012)? If so, I will send it along to the Trinity College Dublin (TCD) folks.  

Your articles are wonderful homework. I’ll read, and re-read until I begin to grasp all that you have said (to the best of my abilities). I am ready to wake up! It seems most of the IAS folks are rather sure of themselves, yet when I finish reading their work, often I feel like they’re hiding something… first, it seems that they really don’t want us to understand completely and then intimidate us to hold back all our questions. 

Thank you again for your references.  I’ll see if I can purloin or otherwise buy a copy of your book. Would Max Planck and Frank Wilczek applaud?  I hope so.  – Bruce

  • How to Understand Quantum Mechanics, John P. Ralston, The University of Kansas ISBN: 9781681741628 • eBook ISBN: 9781681742267, May, 2018
  • Emergent un-Quantum Mechanics  © 2013 Ralston
  • Revising Your World–View of the Fundamental Constants, October 2013 
  • METROLOGY:  Measurement of the fine-structure constant as a test of the Standard Model, Parker et al., Science 360, 191–195 (2018) 13 April 2018

    Bruce E. Camber

First email: Sunday, Sep 30, 2018, 4:22 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. John Ralston:

Thank you for your work over six years ago (25 Mar 2012) on “Quantum Theory without Planck’s Constant” found here within ArXiv:https://arxiv.org/abs/1203.5557 PDF

Are there subsequent un-ArXived papers about his work? Do you stand by it? I hope so. In your conclusions you said,”There is still a place for standardizing Planck’s constant, just as standardizing other units is important to engineering and commerce.” Yet, your analysis is so entirely informative of the history that has transpired. Very helpful.

I would like to send those ArXiv references along to the folks at Trinity College Dublin’s School of Physics and the Trinity College Dublin’s Centre for Research on Advanced Nanostructures and Nanodevices (CRANN), particularly to their folks making this claim:
“One of the measurable characteristics of a beam of light is known as angular momentum. Until now, it was thought that in all forms of light the angular momentum would be a multiple of Planck’s constant (the physical constant that sets the scale of quantum effects).”

This is an important topic, especially in light of Sir Michael Atiyah‘s recent publication of “The fine-structure constant” (α).

Thank you.
Most sincerely,
Bruce Camber

Peebles, P. James E.

James Peebles
Jadwin Hall, Washington Road
Department of Physics at Princeton University

Princeton, New Jersey 08544

Articles: Big Bang theory, Nature, November 2019
Top cosmologist’s lonely battle against ‘Big Bang’ theory, Ivan Couronne, Issam Ahmed
ArXiv (2): Discovery of the Hot Big Bang: What happened in 1948
Books: Cosmology’s Century: An Inside History of Our Modern Understanding of the Universe, 2020 (Preview); Finding The Radiation from the Big Bang (PDF), P. J. E. Peebles and R. B. Partridge, Jan. 2007
Nobel Laureate

 First email 23 March 2021 

“It’s very unfortunate that one thinks of the beginning whereas in fact, we have no good theory of such a thing as the beginning.”

My dear Nobel laureate and emeritus Professor Dr. James Peebles:

We unwittingly focused on a cold-start because there was very little temperature at the level of Planck’s four base units. Built into his equations, however, was an expansion and a rate of expansion through Planck Charge, the dimensionless constants, and Planck Time. Here is a simple perfection of continuity, symmetry and harmony.

We had started inside a tetrahedron looking at the smaller tetrahedrons in the four corners and the octahedron in the middle. One of the students* asked a Zeno-like question so we divided the edges in half, and discovered the smaller octahedrons in each of the six corners and the eight tetrahedrons, one in each face. We had a process! We continued. In just 45 steps going deeper within, we were down with the elementary particles (fascinating and fun), and in another 67 steps we were at his wall chatting with Max Planck.

That required 112 steps going deeper within.

We went out by multiplying by 2; and, in 90 steps we were observing the current expansion and current time. That’s just 202 base-2 steps from the first moment until right Now. Along the way met many wonderful characters — Euler, Kepler (sphere stacking and cubic-close packing of equal spheres), Fourier, Poincaré, Lemaître… and the list goes on. It has been a marvelous voyage… just so fascinating.

Just last month, we decided that Lemaître’s primeval atom was the first sphere. Using Planck Time we then assumed a really rather unbelievable quiet expansion and natural inflation that required a simple ordering structure that mimicked our geometry, so we applied base-2. Then we thought about our primeval sphere, “What primarily defines it?” We decided that pi (π) plays a most pivotal role as one of our earliest working equations (along with all the equations that defined each of the facets of Planck’s base units).  I wrote it up: https://81018.com/instance/

I thought you might find its total naïveté amusing and possibly a breath of fresh air!  

Thank you again for your wonderful legacy of discovery.

Most sincerely,


PS. If possible, I would be deeply grateful to discuss the ways that this chart does not work!  It is our chart of base-2 numbers from the first instant to the current time in just over 202 notations.  –BEC

Editor’s note: This letter has been updated a little to add clarity and to correct simple errors. This page is also a homepage and has a reference page within our alphabetical listings of scholars who have been introduced to this base-2 application to the Planck base units.

Carskadon, Mary A.

Prof. Dr. Mary A. Carskadon
Alpert Medical School, Brown University
Bradley Hospital Sleep Lab, 300 Duncan Drive, Providence, RI 02906


First email: 30 October 2020

Dear Prof. Dr. Mary A Carskadon,

You have much better things to do with your time than to respond to this note; however, as an exercise, I need to get some thoughts down about circadian rhythms and the metaphor of an old computer’s overnight recompile. Of course, I found several references to your lifetime of work. Congratulations.

Yes, the kids need the most sleep. They are trying new things, absorbing a lot of new data, and de facto asking what-if questions. So, although the body rests, the mind remains active. I would postulate that the more organized our sleep becomes, the more creative our next day may be.

Further, if we take as a given that Max Planck’s base units are real (validated in many ways including dividing Planck Length by Planck Time to yield the speed of light), the circadian rhythms are profoundly part of the rhythms of the universe. That idea may well be worth exploring further. By applying base-2 notation to the Planck base units, we encapsulate the universe within 202 notations. Yet, simple logic tells us that only the current notation, Notation 202, is directional and asymmetric. The other 201 notations are complete and symmetric. My simple guess: Sleep, using the metaphor of recompiling, establishes a certain symmetry each day with and within our universe.

I often wonder if there is anybody within the scholarly sleep community who is asking such silly questions and who are attempting to couple it with the current dialogue about the very nature of time.  Thank you.

Most warmly,


PS. You look like my kid sister and project such a warmth and gentle spirit, I thought you wouldn’t mind my looking in on your work to further push my questions about circadian rhythms!  Thanks. -BEC
PPS. I hope your trip to Adelaide happens this year. Disdain for the cold is a sign of maturity!

Carroll, Bonnie

Bonnie Carroll
Founder and Chief Executive Officer
Information International Associates, Inc. (IIA)
Oak Ridge, Tennessee

Secretary General, CODATA

Executive Director of CENDI, the federal scientific and technical information (STI) managers’ group of 12 Federal US STI programs

https://codata.org/about-codata/executive-committee/ https://www.bipm.org/en/committees/cc/wg/wg-algo.html

First email: Oct 25, 2020, 3:40 PM

References: https://81018.com/the-three/#8b https://81018.com/codata/
Request for SI and ISO names for the six groups from the Yoctosecond to the Plancksecond

TO: CODATA Executive Committee
Dear Ms. Bonnie Carroll:

We are doing an analysis of the range of natural groups from the Yoctosecond down to what we call the Plancksecond at Planck Time.

We would like to make a formal request of the CODATA Executive Committee to consider meeting to name those six logical groups between the yoctosecond and Planck Time.  Thank you.

Most sincerely,

Bruce E. Camber

PS: My report online is here:  https://81018.com/the-three#8b
“The measurement of the Zeptoscond, just one sextillionth of a second — that’s a trillionth of a billionth of a second — is work led by a laser physicist, Martin Schultze. It is truly a measurement by devices, not just a mathematical calculation, and Schultze steps us back into Notation-74 to Notation-77 within our horizontally-scrolled chart.

“On to Planck Time. As fast as it is, that zeptoscond is still rather slow when compared to 10−44 seconds given within Planck Time. Next will be the Yoctosecond (10−24), just one septillionth of a second (10−24). Within our chart, the Yoctosecond ranges from Notations 65-to-67.

“No Names. The actual words for the next six categories (or groups) down to the Planck scale do not yet exist. Hardly trivial, until each group has a name, they have a limited identity and study of them is more difficult.

“The last International System of Units (SI) categories to be added were in 1991. It may well be time to call them back together again. They need to name those next six new groups: 10−27, 10−30, 10−33, 10−36, 10−39, and 10−42 seconds. Planck Time at 5.391 16(13)×10^-44 seconds is within the 10−42 seconds’ expansion. It could be named a Plancksecond or PlanckSecond. To date, that combination of words has only been used casually to refer to an extremely short period of time.”


This letter and reference later became the basis for this page: https://81018.com/codata/

Grossberg, Stephen

Stephen Grossberg
Wang Professor of Cognitive and Neural Systems
Boston University
Boston, Massachusetts

Articles: special Issue in Honor of the 80th Birthday of Stephen Grossberg, 2019
Digital Bibliography & Library ProjectDBLP
Google Scholar
YouTube:  Solving the Hard Problem of Consciousness, International Neural Network Society, 2017

Memories: In 1979 I made references to you and your work for a display project under the dome of Building 7 at MIT
1. https://81018.com/scholars77/#Grossberg
2. Gian Carlo-Rota: https://81018.com/scholars77/#Rota
3. Nonlinearity:  “…where he first conceived of the paradigm of using nonlinear differential equations to describe neural networks “

 First email: 18 October 2020

Dear Prof. Dr. Stephen Grossberg:

My instincts were right; about 40 years ago, when we were young, you were perhaps the youngest scholar included in my little display project at MIT. Today, in reviewing your website, you have given me a lot of work to do! Sensational. You never slowed down — how entirely prodigious — and, you are still going strong.

Congratulations! I have come back around to you because I just wrote this paragraph within my top-level post: https://81018.com/the-three/#Consciousness

I said, “Consciousness is also a fact. We assume it is within the earliest sixty notations. Back in and around 2016, our guesses for consciousness was that a primitive consciousness might emerge as early as Notation-48 and that domain could be considered a place for the introduction of a type of fluctuation. We are now researching to see if there may be a better nomenclature already established to distinguish the emergence of various kinds of fluctuations. At Notation-48 there are 2.2300745×1043 scaling vertices. It may well be the area in which we begin our search for the first manifestations of a gap integral to creating a system for the five most primitive perceptions”

The story begins at the top of that posting: https://81018.com/the-three/

I’ll be working on that posting for a few weeks to tighten it up. But, the basic premise may well be all wet! I’ll be searching among all your work to see if it helps clarify issues. 

Yes, it has been many, many years and I am looking forward to being reintroduced to all your work that I can find online.  Thanks.



Benacerraf, Paul Joseph Salomon

Paul Benacerraf

PublicationsWhat Mathematical Truth Could Not Be in Benacerraf and His Critics, A. Morton
_____________ and S. P. Stich, eds., Blackwell’s, Oxford, 1996, pp 9-59
_____________ Philosophy of Mathematics, with Hilary Putnam, CUP l983

References within this website:
https://81018.com/hilbert-infinity/  Password: Infinite:
• Consider PBS Crisis in the Foundation of Mathematics | Infinite Series, Oct 19, 2017

First email: Wed, Jul 22, 2020 @ 3:27 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. Paul Benacerraf,

I often start letters to people with your background, “Now, I am so old I remember many lectures with Quine and Putnam, even a spirited dinner with them at Quine’s Beacon Hill home.”  …but you have me beat by 16 years.

I apologize for my rather stupid questions for someone of your history and caliber:
1. Is your commonsense view of space and time ostensibly Newton’s absolute space and time? 
2. If not, how do you characterize your understanding of space and time?
3. Wasn’t David Hilbert’s commonsense view of space and time ostensibly Newton’s absolute space and time?
Thank you.


PS. Behind a security wall, I have placed a reference to your work with Hilary Putnam, Philosophy of mathematics, as well as Hilbert’s article, On the infinite. https://81018.com/hilbert-infinity/

Is time discrete?

RE: An experiment to test the discreteness of time (ArXiv, 16 Jul 2020)

TO: Andrea Di Biagio (La Sapienza), Marios Christodoulou (Oxford), Pierre Martin-Dussaud (Aix-Marseille Univ, Université de Toulon)

Third email: Monday, November 9, 4:11 PM

Dear Andrea, Marios, and Pierre (AMP),

Of course, you know if you can “prove” that time is discrete, you will be have knocked off Newton’s absolute 333 year hold on our commonsense worldview! Your doctorates will be legendary, you’ll be welcomed anywhere for your postdoc, and fame will follow!

So, without question, I’m fascinated to follow your budding careers.

I have updated our page on discrete time (this page) and will continue to do so as I learn more from you. If you followed some of those links that were in the past two emails, you know we recognize how entirely idiosyncratic our work is. John Baez told us in 2012, but Frank Wilczek found it curious that high school people were asking such unusual questions with such little background. Freeman Dyson had been an old acquaintance back when I first met him in 1977. He always encouraged anybody who was thinking, yet in 2012 he thought we had not accepted some of the cherished first principles of physics (probably because we didn’t know what they were).

I continue our efforts here with these two works in progress:

  1. https://81018.com/history/ which is titled, Work Toward a Mathematically-Integrated Model of the Universe
  2. https://81018.com/expansion/ titled, The Expansion of this Universe. Not too modest, it needs a lot of help. If any of you or all of you think there is any hope for that article, I would welcome your insight and advice.

I wish you three well, the best of all insights and the special gifts of this world (I am a classic older one, i.,e. wine-women-and-song).



Second email: Monday, November 2, 6:41 AM

Thank you for your response to my rather oblique note (just below). By studying your experimental designs, you’ll teach us about discreteness! Sir Isaac Newton may learn a few things from you all as well. And, I am sure your work will help us with our own ideas and models about time’s discreteness.

What we have is a simple geometry (embedded geometries), which took us down to the Planck scale. We then adopted Max’s numbers and turned around to emerge within 112 doublings back up into our classroom. Because we were so surprised with that circular journey, we just continued to multiply by 2 until we were at the approximate size of the universe. We had some help from a NASA mathematician and the Hubble’s measurements. We were even more surprised that it took only 90 more additional doublings, just 202 notations in all. Too cool to let go, we wrote it up: https://81018.com/stem/ and thought we’d get a pat on the head from the STEM folks (and thought, “Maybe they’ll publish it as our letter to the editor in Scientific American.” But, no, everyone essentially asked, “Why?” or said, “So what.”

Hardly a theory, it is a bunch of very interesting progressions.

When we finally followed Planck Time out alongside Planck Length in 2015, it certainly seemed a bit more compelling. It just prodded us further, “What do we do with this cache of base-2 progressions? Is Euler pushing us (and the universe) into a fundamentally exponential order?”

Having lived with these progressions for a few years (and knowing how entirely idiosyncratic they are), I pulled our project out of the high school curriculum. We could image our best and brightest trying to explain it in their sophomore physics and astronomy classes! Now we only look for work like yours that might be doing something to help us interpret our little multiplication-and-division-by-2 STEM project.

Obviously, your work is important to us. In our simple model time not only appears to be discrete, but necessarily linked to space, an aspect of light, and within a most intimate family with mass and charge.

So that little reference to your ArXiv research sparked my interest.

You’ve got a groupie! I believe your work can help us understand our own work better!

Our numbers are 100% predictive; they exhibit a simple and sweet logic. …but, are they really logical? In the face of all that is big bang cosmology, I (and a few others) think these numbers are especially logical.

Closer to Pythagoras than to Hawking, may we be a “Greek chorus” and sing your praises hoping that you don’t mind having some folks look over your shoulder! Thanks.

Best wishes indeed,

RE: An experiment to test the discreteness of time – https://arxiv.org/pdf/2007.08431.pdf

TO: Marios Christodoulou, Andrea Di Biagio, Pierre Martin-Dussaud

Did you know that there are 202 base-2 notations from the Planck base units to the current day and size of the universe?

To follow the numbers: https://81018.com/chart/

Beginnings: https://81018.com/home/ We’re just a bunch of high school people exploring a tetrahedron and the octahedron and tetrahedrons within it, and so on down.

112 steps to the Planck Length: https://81018.com/tot/

Current explanation: https://81018.com/world/

Tong, David

David Tong
Department of Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMPT)
Cambridge University, Wilberforce Road
Cambridge, England

ArXiv (99)A Matrix Model for WZW (2016), DBI in the Sky (2004)
Google Scholar
Video:  YouTube Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe, The Royal Institution, 15 Feb  2017

Most recent email: September 30, 2020

Dear Prof. Dr. David Tong:

Just over three years ago I sent a  little note after listening to your 2017 Royal Institution Faraday Lecture. Today, I pulled from my shelf a periodical, Fields Within Fields…Within Fields, that back in 1970 in NYC, Julius Stuhlman gave me. He was the founder of the World Institute Council and the Publisher of a Fields Within Fields… Within FieldsDr. Ervin Laszlo was part of his entourage of writers.

There were people who would cheer and support your work even before you were born!

Of course, we’ve had the benefit of Frank Wilczek’s work to exegete the 1899 insights and calculations of Max Planck, along with Max’s 1905 publication of The Theory Of Heat Radiation, and the 1914 English translation with Morton Masius.

My questions are few:
1. Can we take the Planck units as a starting point for the universe?
2. In the spirit of John Wheeler and his quantum foam, is there any possibility that it could instantiate as an infinitesimal sphere?
3. If so, might that sphere inculcate all the dynamics of cubic close packing of equal spheres

I will include an updated copy of my earlier note. As I continue my studies of your work, I will build on those references to your work and to my notes here: https://81018.com/2020/09/29/tong/

Again, I thank you for your most formidable work, truly an inspiration.

Most sincerely,


First email: June 30, 2017, 9:13 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. David Tong:

What a lovely thing to do on Friday evening — I listened to your Faraday lecture* about magnetic fields. Excellent. It has taken awhile to appreciate the deep mysteries of our electromagnetic fields. Perhaps Planck’s 1899 insights that opened the way to his Planck base units of Time, Length, Mass and Charge might open some interesting, even deeper explanations.

It has taken awhile for Planck’s work to be appreciated. Even Planck ignored his base units. Frank Wilczek seemed to open the door and turned on the lights in 2001 with his Physics Today three-part article, Scaling Mt. Planck. It took the naivete of a high school geometry class to drill down inside the tetrahedron and octahedron the 45 steps to the CERN-scale and 67-additional steps to the Planck scale. Multiplying by 2 was easy. In just 90 steps we were in the range of the Observable Universe and the Age of the Universe! The infinitesimal scale went from Planck’s numbers to the 67th doubling. The human scale went from Notation-67 to Notation-134. And, the large-scale went from from Notation-135 to 202.

That’s all there is: 202 doublings, notations, steps, layers, groups, clusters sets… from the Planck Time to the current Age of the Universe, right now, this second.

Perhaps science visualizes the waves, fluids, bundles and fields a little too quark-like. Perhaps if we were to start at the Planck units and follow that simple multiplication by 2, each doubling being the power of 2, we are given 67 new layers to explore! Wouldn’t that be novel? …even fun? The CERN-scale is just so gross.

What might we do with all that math? If we start simple, and we also start with a few scaling vertices, perhaps we can build all the mathematics and geometries and spin that we need… Fields Within Fields Within Fields.

Here’s all our sweet, little math:
Horizontally scrolled: https://81018.com/chart/
Vertically-scrolled: https://81018.com/chart4/

Novel. Fanciful. But, is it useful?

To date, it is a simple STEM tool with many open questions. Obviously it is not a big bang but a quiet expansion and rather natural inflation that is  entirely predictive as it defines the cosmological epochs. Thanks.

Most sincerely,

* Quantum Fields: The Real Building Blocks of the Universe, The Royal Institution (London)

Page, Don Nelson

Don N. Page
Institute for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta

ArXiv: Possible Superluminal Propagation inside Conscious Beings (Jan 28, 2020), Cosmic Mnemonics, Douglas Scott, Ali Narimani, Don N. Page (2013), Anthropic Estimates for Many Parameters of Physics and Astronomy, Don N. Page, Alberta  (2017)
AIP Interview by Alan Lightman
Google Scholar
Homepage (OEIS, Univ. Alberta)
Video: Closer to the Truth   YouTube

References within this website:

Most recent email: 12 March 202

Dear Don:

Three assumptions place me well outside the mainstream:

1. The Planck base units manifest as a primordial sphere much like Lemaitre’s primordial atom.

2. Planck Time suggests a rate of expansion which would be approximately 539 tredecillion spheres per second given Planck Time: 5.391 16(13)×10-44 (s). That’s a few spheres so base-2 is used to impute order. Nothing more. But, that is a lot, given it only gives us 202 groups with which to work. That  chart of numbers tells the story.  The first 64 notations are below all possible physical measurements but for every notation, we have Planck’s data (there is plenty of information to study with each notation). Though it starts cold, close to absolute zero, by the Notation-136, it is hot enough for the Quark-Gluon Plasma processes. The first second only emerges in the 143rd notation. The first 150 million years is up between Notations 195-and-196.It encapsulates all the big bang data very nicely.

3. Simple sphere stacking and cubic-close packing of equal spheres becomes fundamental. It takes a simple mind to see simple things.

So, I’ve brought Pi Day into this picture: https://81018.com/challenge/

Third email: 29 September 2020

Dear Don,

Thank you. I am most pleased to get reconnected. And, now that I have stopped long enough to read more deeply into your history, your work, and background, I am honored to know you.

Now, I should tell you that we have family all throughout Alberta. When I was a young teenager, we visited my old great-uncle, John Muir. He was a wildcatter, literally and figuratively. He married a woman whose roots in that area went back hundreds of years. Uncle John was truly a character among characters. …so many stories… There is a strain of those Muirs that runs in the family and runs in my work so I’ll always be open to criticism, even rebuke. Paul Simon’s 1975 song, “Still Crazy After All These Years,” resonates.

I now have a page of references to you: https://81018.com/2020/09/28/page/ 

Every reference posted is my current de facto homework assignment. Your work will inform my work. Yet, by now, you’ve realized that I have that bias to start to build with the most fundamental concepts. I already have read enough to know that you do, too. When I have grasped enough of your work to be dangerous, I’ll send along some comments. Thanks again for your scholarship and your lifetime of work.

Most sincerely,


PS. Long ago, I set aside Alan Lightman’s December 2012 Harper’s essay,, What Came Before The Big Bang? and, of course, now rediscover the reference to you and your faith. With Cosmic Mnemonics and Anthropic Estimates for Many Parameters of Physics and Astronomy, there is already so much to discuss. Thanks again for those recommendations.  -BEC

Email: Saturday, July 23, 2016 at 4:28 PM
Dear Prof. Dr. Don Page:

There are so many questions I would like to ask you, but I do not want to waste your time with my lack of depth.

Our work comes out of a high school in New Orleans; it is an idiosyncratic construction of the universe using base-2 exponential notation starting with Planck’s base units and goes out to the Age of the Universe in 202 notations.

The first 67 notations, taken as a whole, open paths from the Planck base units to current research. This model of the universe seems to be more liberating than the big bang in as much as it introduces time symmetry, notation by notation. And most importantly, it opens a very different view of the finite-infinite relation. The entire universe adopts a deeper sense of charm and flavor.

Would you take a look and could you tell us why we are so far off?

With great thanks,



First-known email: Monday, November 29, 2010 

Dear Don:

Bill (Williams) introduced us through email a couple of years ago. Are you a close friend?

Did I read correctly that Bill died in February 2010? Do you have any details? Thank you so much.