On following the work of Phillip James Edwin Peebles

James Peebles
Jadwin Hall, Washington Road
Department of Physics at Princeton University

Princeton, New Jersey 08544

Articles: Big Bang theory, Nature, November 2019
Top cosmologist’s lonely battle against ‘Big Bang’ theory, Ivan Couronne, Issam Ahmed
ArXiv (2): Discovery of the Hot Big Bang: What happened in 1948
Books: Cosmology’s Century: An Inside History of Our Modern Understanding of the Universe, 2020 (Preview); Finding The Radiation from the Big Bang (PDF), P. J. E. Peebles and R. B. Partridge, Jan. 2007
Nobel Laureate

References within this website:
•  A Peebles-focused homepage: https://81018.com/peebles/
• Twelve Key Questions* About Our Universe: https://81018.com/question/

Most recent and fifth email: Tuesday, April 19, 2022 @ 8:08 AM

Dear Prof. Dr. James Peebles:

I generally try to keep emails to a person with your distinguished history to a minimum, but I thought you might like to see my attempts to clarify my earlier comments about the start of the universe.

Within the current homepage, it says:

As earlier noted, 2019 Nobel Laureate James Peebles, Princeton, says that we do not have a theory about the first moments of the universe. We do not know how it all started.
1. Is it possible that the first moment of the universe1 is defined by Planck’s base units?
2. Is it possible that the first manifestation of those base units is an infinitesimal sphere?
3. Do the characteristics of pi describe those spheres? (Of course! They’re dimensionless constants!)
4. Does the Fourier Transform necessarily impart electromagnetism or gravitation to each sphere?

And then I continue for eight more points.

I thought you might find it of some interest. Thank you.

Warmest regards,


Fourth email: Wed, March 16, 2022 @ 2:20 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. James Peebles:

Our worldviews are so limited people, we all mistakes. People like Putin make horrific mistakes.  

I said the following within today’s homepage:

Introduction. To make good judgements, it’s not the last 10 years, 100 years or 1000 years that are key. The first year of history gives us the most guidance. Of 202 base-2 notations defining our universe, the very first year takes us from the first instance of space-and-time, Notation-0, to Notation-169. That first year captures the most pivotal part of the history of the universe. It is all about basic structure, basic relations, and the essential dynamics of the universe. We necessarily engage pi (π). And surprisingly, we also discover that here too are the inherent foundations of ethics and values.

In the grand scheme of things, death will overtake us altogether too soon. Will we have failed to articulate the whole because we never fully embraced the first few moments of our universe?  

How can we be so arrogant?

Thank you.



Third email: October 29, 2021

Dear Prof. Dr. James Peebles,

If I am misrepresenting you on our homepage, would you be so kind as to provide a  correction?  

This is the paragraph:  

There were another 20 scholars with similar presentations; each focused on an open question within our smallest-scale universe. Those lectures need close scrutiny (see the endnotes below). The domain from the Planck scale to the Electroweak scale is filled with mystery and unanswered questions. Princeton physicist and 2019 Nobel laureate James Peebles lifts them all up as penultimate questions in physics and cosmology today.”

A septillionth of a second (10-24) is a lifetime if you are a tredecillionth of a second (10-44).  Well-beyond CERN’s most-calibrated measurements of time and on the cusp of length measurements, I was delighted to discover the Durham University Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology and the papers from their 23rd International Conference from the Planck Scale to Electroweak Scale (Planck 2021).

Are there much more refined dynamics from the Planck Scale to Electroweak* scale? Thanks.

Most sincerely,


P.S.* That scale from Planck’s Scale to the Electroweak scale is ideal for thought experiments, especially when we get below 7.95630×10-24 seconds that defines Notation-67. -BEC

Second email: 13 May 2021

My dear Nobel laureate and emeritus Professor Dr. James Peebles:

Your comments to Ivan Couronne and Issam Ahmed for Phys.Org’s, November 14, 2019 article, have been weighing on my mind. I wondered, “Within our simple construct, what might be the logical progression, the very first steps?”  The result: https://81018.com/starts/

Is there any merit to it?  Thank you.

Most sincerely,
PS. Would you like me to send it to you as a PDF?   Thanks. -BEC. 
Bruce E. Camber

First email 23 March 2021 

“It’s very unfortunate that one thinks of the beginning whereas in fact, we have no good theory of such a thing as the beginning.”

My dear Nobel laureate and emeritus Professor Dr. James Peebles:

We unwittingly focused on a cold-start because there was very little temperature at the level of Planck’s four base units. Built into his equations, however, was an expansion and a rate of expansion through Planck Charge, the dimensionless constants, and Planck Time. Here, I thought, was a possible simple perfection of continuity, symmetry and harmony.

We had started inside a tetrahedron looking at the smaller tetrahedrons in the four corners and the octahedron in the middle. One of the students* asked a Zeno-like question so we divided the edges of that octahedron in half, and discovered the smaller octahedrons in each of the six corners and the eight tetrahedrons, one in each face. We had a process! We continued. In just 45 steps going deeper within, we were down with the elementary particles (fascinating and fun), and in another 67 steps we were at his wall chatting with Max Planck.

That required 112 steps going deeper within.

We went out by multiplying by 2; and, in 90 steps we were observing the current expansion and current time. That’s just 202 base-2 steps from the first moment until right Now. Along the way we met many wonderful characters — Euler, Kepler (sphere stacking and cubic-close packing of equal spheres), Fourier, Poincaré, Lemaître… and the list goes on. It has been a marvelous voyage… just so fascinating.

Recently we decided that Lemaître’s primeval atom was the first sphere. Using Planck Time we then assumed a really rather unbelievable quiet expansion and natural inflation that required a simple ordering structure that mimicked our geometry, so we applied base-2. Then we thought about our primeval sphere, “What primarily defines it?” We decided that pi (π) plays a most pivotal role as one of our earliest working equations (along with all the equations that defined each of the facets of Planck’s base units).  I wrote it up: https://81018.com/instance/

I thought you might find its total naïveté amusing and possibly a breath of fresh air!  

Thank you again for your wonderful legacy of discovery.

Most sincerely,


PS. If possible, I would be deeply grateful to discuss the ways that this chart does not work!  It is our chart of base-2 numbers from the first instant to the current time in just over 202 notations.  –BEC

Editor’s note: This letter has been updated a little to add clarity and to correct simple errors. This page is also a homepage and has a reference page within our alphabetical listings of scholars who have been introduced to this base-2 application to the Planck base units.


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