###### Center for Perfection Studies • The Big Board–Little Universe Project • 2016 & 2017 •

###### Originally published on Tuesday, November 1, 2016 | Prior Homepage | Next | Finite-Infinite | Hawking-Guth | OnTime

**The history of the big bang theory is substantial**. The key epochs of the universe have been defined by big bang scientists since 1927 when the Belgian-born, Georges Lemaître first published his earliest concepts.^{[1]} Though he opened the path to a big bang theory, Stephen Hawking and Alan Guth put the theory on a fast track above all other theories. First, in 1973 Hawking published *The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time*^{[2]} (written with George Ellis). In 1979 MIT’s Alan Guth began working on his theories about cosmic inflation. His first lecture about it was in 1980 at Cornell. In 1997 he published *The Inflationary Universe: The Quest for a New Theory of Cosmic Origins*^{[3]} and became known as the leading advocate for cosmic inflation and his theories became a key part of the big bang cosmology.

Inherent within this increasingly-popular theory is an extreme skepticism that life has any deep, inherent meaning or intrinsic value which some have labelled postmodernity.

In the defense of Hawking, Guth, Ellis and others, it must be noted that these scientists advocating the big bang (1973 through 2001) did not have the benefit of understanding, or perhaps not even knowing about, the Planck base units.

In 1899 Max Planck began working on these fundamental or natural units based on constants within physics and mathematics. Mostly ignored for over a century, it wasn’t until 2001 when MIT’s Frank Wilczek wrote a series of articles, *Scaling Mt. Planck* (*Physics Today*),^{[4]} did the scholarly community begin to pay attention to Planck’s work. It took the better part of a decade for the rest of the scientific community to catch up with Wilczek. Today these Planck units are a core part of scientific research.

Though a base-10 scale of the universe was introduced by Kees Boeke in 1957 (*Cosmic View*: *The Universe in 40 Jumps*),^{[5][6][7]} he did not start at Planck Time nor did he stop at the Age of the Universe. He missed between 22-to-24 jumps! Nevertheless, this model has been popularized by many. In 2010 the Huang twins introduced their *Scale of the Universe*.^{[8]} Not until December 2011 had anybody applied a much more granular base-2 to this scale using the Planck length. In December 2014 Planck time was added to that model.^{[9]} And then, in 2015 Planck charge, mass and temperature were added.^{[10]}

Perhaps it requires a certain naivete to do this kind of modelling. Using base-2 is 3.333 times more granular than base-10 and it encapsulates the universe within just 202 doublings. The roots for the base-2 model, just like base-10, also go back to a high school. Although base-2 is totally-predictive, as of this writing, it is yet to be critically reviewed by the scholarly community.

In April 2016 all the numbers of this simple model became a horizontal chart so each Planck base unit could be more readily followed. Bruce Camber, the primary coordinator for this project, says, “All the key numbers associated with big bang cosmology should be examined in light of this simple model. All theories have an inherent philosophy. The big bang is nihilistic. It has no inherent ordering system. It has no necessary relations. It has no use for values. I think it’s* what ails the the intelligentsia among the world’s people. 40+ years of big bang nihilism is insidious*. It is destroying civility.” He went on, “We need to examine all the unanswered questions of the big bang in the light of all the numbers within *The Big Board-little universe Project*.”

**From just a cursory observation these numbers appear to be a simulation of the big bang without the bang**. It is natural inflation from a very small charge to a definition of the total energy of the universe. Base-2 simply means multiplying by 2, over and over again, 202 times. Camber interjects, “These numbers fly in the face of Newton and affirm Leibniz by suggesting that space and time are finite, discrete, derivative and relational. If these constants and universals are part of the base of logic, rationality and science, to discern these numbers requires order-and-continuity and relations-and-symmetry. These values appear to be inherent within both the finite and the infinite.”

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**There are two websites (three webpages) with more information**:

• http://bblu.org is the history and will be increasingly focused for secondary schools.

• http://81018.com (this website) is the most current site and it is for research and development.

• https://81018.com/chart is the place to find the 202 column chart and an ongoing initial-but-limited analysis.

**References**:

[1] Georges Lemaître: Lemaître was a pioneer in applying Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity to cosmology. Bruce Camber has begun to analyze the key epochs as a whole and individually: Planck Epoch, Grand Unification Epoch, Inflationary Epoch and Electroweak Epoch.

[2] *The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time*, Stephen Hawking and George Ellis, 1973

[3] *The Inflationary Universe: The Quest for a New Theory of Cosmic Origins*, Alan Guth, 1997

[4] *Scaling Mt. Planck* (*Physics Today*)

[5] Powers of Ten (1968, re-released 1977) by Charles and Ray Eames

[6] IMAX film *Cosmic Voyage* (1996) produced for the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum.

[7] *Cosmic Eye*, short film, Daniel Obreschkow (2012)

[8] *Scale of the Universe * (To date, there is no Wikipedia description of the online interactive visualization that uses Flash to go from the smallest to the largest by Cary & Michael Huang.)

[9] A Chart of the Universe with both Planck Time and Planck Length, 2014

[10] A horizontally-scrolled chart of the Universe with the Planck Base Units, 2016

**Note**: Most of the links within the *References* will open a new window within Wikipedia or within this website.