Duff, Michael James

Michael J. Duff

Emeritus Professor
Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Physics
Imperial College London
South Kensington Campus
London SW7 2AZ

Articles: “How fundamental are fundamental constants?” (2014)
ArXivM-history without the M (2015)

Referenced page(s) within this website:
• Fundamental constants See section on “Standard Models”  (7th paragraph).

Most recent email:  May 7, 2019

Reference: https://arxiv.org/abs/1412.2040

Dear Prof. Dr. Michael Duff:

In your 17 Dec 2014 arXiv article, you say,
To measure the speed of light we need a clock and ruler: if the distance between the notches on our ruler is the distance light travels between ticks of our clock then c = 1 whatever our theory and will remain so until the cows come home.”

Though true, might we also take Max Planck’s simple formula for Planck Time and confirm the speed of light through simple division. PlancTime

It appears to be true throughout all 202 base-2 notations as evidenced here within line 10 on our horizontally-scrolled chart: https://81018.com/chart/

Thank you.

Most sincerely,


Fourth email:  April 25, 2019

Dear Prof. Dr. Michael Duff:

On chasing down a reference to your most-challenging work, I chided myself, “Go over this one more time.” And then puzzled, asked, “Have you ever written to Michael Duff?” Looking it up, indeed, I had. Twice. Almost a year ago and then again, almost three years ago, so with another rebuke, I concluded, “Put those notes up on the site so you can see what was written and what Duff references prompted those brief notes.” Reference: https://81018.com/duff/

Our work is simple and has a simple logic, but it doesn’t seem to stand to reason.

First, there is our map (or base-2 chart) of the universe from the Planck base units to this moment in time… “a simple logical construct.” Multiplication is multiplication. The Planck units are the Planck units. The 202 notations make it a construct. So I ask, “How is it that it does not follow… that it’s just a bunch of numbers?” Referencehttps://81018.com/chart/

Second, in the analysis of those numbers, many things seem to fall into place.  Should I could go on? Thank you.

Most sincerely,



Second email: June 21, 2018

Dear Prof. Dr. Michael Duff:

Could we assume the Planck base units of length/time and mass/charge
are the first manifestation within space time? Could it naturally double and
continue doubling until in 202 notations it was out to the size and age of
the universe?

I struggle with that rendering: https://81018.com/growth

Could you help me understand why this is an impossible construct?
Thank you.

Most sincerely,

First email: August 26, 2016, 5:34 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. Michael Duff;

We need all the help we can get.

We went off course in 2011 when we chased a tetrahedron inside, dividing the edges by 2, over and over again, until in 112 notations were were within the Planck scale. To get out of that tight space, we reversed ordered and multiplied by 2 using Planck’s chosen numbers. By the 202.345+ notation we were out to the age and size of the universe. This happened in a high school in New Orleans.  A little history of our work is here: https://81018.com/home/

So what do we do now? We were told, “Nobody has done it.” “Nonsense,” we reply. Our simple geometries and simple base-2 pre-conditioned our thinking, we thought, “It’s all too simple. There’s got to be a catch.”

Here is my history: https://81018.com/bec/ (nobody special)
Here are our numbers: https://81018.com/chart/
Here is my nonsense: https://81018.com/2016/06/01/quiet/

Will you guide us back to sanity or do you think there could be something here? Thank you.

Most sincerely,


PS. I had a project at MIT long ago that kind of anticipated this development: