July 26 – August 6, 1999, meeting in Cambridge, England

NATO’s Advanced Study Institute

Structure Formation in the Universe

This conference at Isaac Newton Institute in Cambridge, England was convened “by invitation only” so to involve the leading scholars of big bang cosmology. The purpose was to explore alternatives to that longstanding theory.

Among those in attendance were Andreas AlbrechtTom Banks, Savas Dimopoulos, Michael Duff, George Efstathiou, Alan Guth, S. W. HawkingJuan Maldacena, Lisa Randall, Martin J. Rees, Paul J. SteinhardtLeonard Susskind, Neil Turok, Joseph Silk, Gabriele Veneziano, and Alex Vilenkin as well as Keith Dienes, Burt Ovrut, Valery Rubakov, David Spergel, and Michael Turner.

2019 Analysis: Given the event was within the Isaac Newton Institute, it might be considered rather impolite if attendees were to begin to debunk Isaac Newton’s 1687 theory of absolute space and time, however, to open a truly new theory about the earliest structures of the universe, the fundamentality of space and time must be addressed. More

Some of the chapters of the summary publication are as follows:

Some of the other primary reference pages:

Other resource materials: