**Edward (Rocky) Kolb**, Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, Fermilab

University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

Articles: The 4 Percent Universe (Search: Kolb)**ArXiv** (23)**Books**: The Early Universe, (Westview, 1990), (Taylor & Francis, 2018)**CV****Homepage**(s): Chicago, Fermilab, Google Scholar, IMSA, inSPIRE^{HEP}, Kavli, Twitter, **Wikipedia****YouTube**: Birth of the cosmic frontier URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FzfpKLOyeEk

Quote: “We really think that dark matter is a reality, and that dark energy is a reality.”

from The 4 Percent Universe (page 179 of 270, reference 23 of 36) by Richard Panek, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, 2011 (original website)

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Most recent email: 11 October 2022

Dear Prof. Dr. Edward Kolb:

It would be wonderful to have your critical review of our base-2 outline of the universe from the Planck base units to the current expansion, all in just 202 notations. It is simple, much too simple for most. Plus, it is quite radical to suggest something so simple can do the job of big bang cosmology, but it does. It embraces smoothness and four other key issues very well: https://81018.com/reason/

You may remember that it all started within a New Orlean’s high school geometry class.

We initially thought of it as a comprehensive STEM tool.

Of course, I readily understand if you are too, too busy.

Might you assign it to one of your grad students or a postdoc to do a preliminary analysis?

That would be helpful as well.

Thank you very much.

Most sincerely,

Bruce

PS. I just updated our page about your work. It still needs a little more updating! That URL is: https://81018.com/2020/04/07/kolb/ (this page). The other embedded links above are: https://81018.com/chart/, https://81018.com/home/ and https://81018.com/stem/.

Second email: 5 Dec 2020 @ 1:02 PMUpdate: 15 Sept. 2021

Dear Prof. Dr. Edward Kolb:

In the 7 September 2020 ArXiv article, *Completely Dark Photons*… you say, “…we calculate the number density of particles resulting from gravitational particle production (GPP) during inflation…” we may be better served to look at Planck Time — 5.391 16(13)×10^{-44} seconds — and other base units and to apply base-2 as the most simple expansion, what would expand? …preons (Jogesh Pati and Abdus Salam in 1974)? …geons (Wheeler, 1955), …strings, automorphic forms, information (ZFC, axiomatic set theory, etc). How about return to Lemaitre’s primordial sphere? If such a sphere manifests, defined by the Planck base units, *it would be a variable, but perhaps around* 539+ tredecillion spheres per second.*

Too idiosyncratic to pursue?

Thank you.

Most sincerely,

Bruce

***Updated, 15 September 2021**. More calculations coming: https://81018.com/tredecillion/

First email: Sunday, 5 April 2020 at 11:12 AM

Dear Prof. Dr. Dean Edward (Rocky) Kolb:

I first found your 1998 work through an “Inflation” search —

inflation + CBR fluctuations + Hubble radius See result #4.

https://ned.ipac.caltech.edu/level5/Kolb/Kolb3.html

I wondered, “Who wrote this page and when?”

By clicking on “Contents” I found you and your 1998 Fermi-work overview:

https://ned.ipac.caltech.edu/level5/Kolb/Kolb_contents.html

Then, of course, I explored your more recent pages:

• https://astro.uchicago.edu/~rocky/cv.pdf

• https://astro.uchicago.edu/~rocky/

• https://kicp.uchicago.edu/people/profile/edward_kolb.html

What a progression from the University of New Orleans!

Congratulations. Entirely remarkable and spirited career.

We lived in NOLA for eight years (Remember JT Curtis? High school football?)

Most recently I have quickly paged through your presentation

on dark matter from 2010:

http://kicp-courses.uchicago.edu/2010-dark/talks/kolb_lecture-3.pdf

**My questions for you**:

1. Do you believe in an infinitely hot big bang?

2. Did Lemaitre initially postulate a cold start of the universe?

3. Do you think the Planck units are real?

4. Might Planck time be the real beginning of the universe?

Thanks.

Warmly,

Bruce

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PS: On your personal homepage you have Top Ten countdown questions: *My answers*

10. What came before the big bang? **No big bang, quiet expansion**

9. What is outside the Universe? **Intellectual multiverses and other such intellectual** definitions.

8. Where is the center of the Universe? **See homogeneity and isotropy**

7. Is there intelligent life elsewhere?** In every notation and it is us**

6. Is there intelligent life here? **spotty**

5. Is there a parallel Universe? **intellectual**

4. Is there a perpendicular Universe? **strictly intellectual**

3. Can you parallel park in a perpendicular Universe? **Not intellectual**

2. Will the Cubs win the series before the end of time? **See 2016, game 7**

1. Are we responsible for this on the final exam? **Whatever the Rock decides**.