# Tony Rothman

**ArXiv**: Time and Spacetime: The Crystallizing Block Universe (Dec. 2009)

Collaborators: Stephen Boughn, George F.R. Ellis, E. C. G. Sudarshan

FQXi: https://fqxi.org/community/articles/display/131 (7th paragraph)

Google scholar

**Homepage**

**Wikipedia**

Second email: Friday, July 24, 2020 at 5:03 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. Tony Rothman,

I copied your statements into a webpage, named it https://81018.com/planckscale/ — so I can more readily punch it around based on your conceptual frame of reference.

At any point in time, I will gladly insert direct quotes from your comments (with attribution) but most people do not want to be associated with somebody as idiosyncratic as I am.

Yet, because I know people are reluctant to go to websites, I’ll try to copy and paste it below. I hope my little images are not suppressed. Often within email it happens. So, if there are not two images below, you can opt to go to the page above.

The first thing I did was to re-examine the Planck base numbers. That image is right out of the textbooks. My questions: “*Can we use the Planck base units as a starting point for the universe*?”

“Could these four base units and light (and the dimensionless constants that contribute to the essential natural of the Standard Model of Physics) be the very first moment in time?

“Could the universe starts cold? If so, then what might be the first expression of these all these facets of reality ? …the very first manifest?

“Could it be a sphere? John Archibald Wheeler imagined quantum foam. Others are also suggesting a sphere and that we call these spheres planckspheres. What if there is an application of cubic close packing of equal spheres (ccp) at this scale and the stacking amounts to a doubling? Within 202 doublings of base-2 notations these Planck base units have become the age of the universe, the size of the universe, the total mass of the universe, and the total energy of the universe, and yes, it is still happening right now. The universe is expanding!”

**Addendum**: Exploring such a simple model has been our effort since December 2011: https://81018.com/home/ To see a chart of the numbers and to get a sense of the emergence and natural inflation: https://81018.com/chart/

It is too simple, so simple it seems a bit of silliness. But if you look at the numbers, there is a sweet logic that prevails: https://81018.com/calculations

I would be very pleased to hear from. you.

Thank you.

Bruce

First email: Wednesday, July 10, 2019 at 11:00 PM

References: https://arxiv.org/abs/0912.0808

https://fqxi.org/community/articles/display/131

https://fqxi.org/community/articles/display/235

Dear Prof. Dr. Tony Rothman:

I have come to you through a rather convoluted path on the web. I have just one quick question which has several related questions.

If I may… Why can’t we use the Planck base units as a starting point for the physical universe?

Here is a copy of my post about that concept:

Planck Time (tP) opens basic questions. First, tP is a direct correlation and necessary relation with a length and light in much the same way Einstein’s well-known equation, e=mc

^{2}necessarily and dynamically relates mass, energy and light. These four Planck base units are each natural units using only the most fundamental universal constants to define them.Could these four base units and light (and the dimensionless constants that contribute to the essential natural of the Standard Model of Physics) be the very first moment in time?

Could the universe starts cold? If so, then what might be the first expression of these all these facets of reality ? …the very first manifest?

Could it be a sphere? John Archibald Wheeler imagined quantum foam. Others are also suggesting a sphere and that we call these spheres planckspheres. What if there is an application of cubic close packing of equal spheres (ccp) at this scale and the stacking amounts to a doubling? Within 202 doublings of base-2 notations these Planck base units have become the age of the universe, the size of the universe, the total mass of the universe, and the total energy of the universe, and yes, it is still happening right now. We’re with those who say, “The universe is expanding!” Exploring such a simple model has been our effort since December 2011: https://81018.com/home/ To see a chart of the numbers and to get a sense of the emergence and natural inflation: https://81018.com/chart/

It is too simple, so simple it seems a bit of silliness. But if you look at the numbers, there is a sweet logic that prevails. https://81018.com/calculations

I would be very pleased to hear from you.

Thank you.

Bruce