Crowther, Karen

Karen CrowtherCrowther

Department of Philosophy, Classics, History of Art and Ideas
University of Oslo
Oslo, Norway

ArXiv (4)
Google Scholar
Homepage (Personal)
Publications: Doctoral Dissertation, Appearing Out of Nowhere: The Emergence of Spacetime in Quantum Gravity(PDF) 2015; As Below, So Before: ‘Synchronic’ and ‘Diachronic’Conceptions of Spacetime Emergence
YouTube: Rethinking the basic principles of physics

References within this website:

Most recent email: January 12, 2022 at at 8:45 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. Karen Crowther:

I have been back re-reading your Sydney dissertation again. Since my last note, I have gotten to know Dean Rickles a little. I was frustrated to not find a Wikipedia reference to him so I created it and with his help, we flushed it out appropriately. He’s quite a scholar! I have also become acquainted with the work of Huw Price, Nick Huggett & Chris Wüthrich, Huw’s work at Wolfson is entirely enviable! And now, I am slowly following your work on causal set theory.

The First Particle. Now, if I had to turn in this article to you for grading, I suspect you would give me a “D” or “C-“. Perhaps the comment would be, “Imaginative but oh so idiosyncratic.” Yet, I have been pursuing this simple model since December 19, 2011 and nobody has said, “It doesn’t work and here are the reasons.” It’s just the Planck base units extended using base-2 to the current age-and-size of the universe. Mathematics being mathematics, the 1874 numbers by George Johnstone Stoney‘s numbers would work as well.

Because I was consulting your dissertation, I have a reference to it here.

If ever you want anything added, deleted, or update, please just say the word. Thanks.

Most sincerely,


PS. Back nine years ago I was in Oslo on business, yet my wife and I took the time to drive down and around to Bergen and fly over to Iceland. It is a very special place in our little world. -BEC

Second email: February 6, 2020 at 2 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. Karen Crowther:

I have enjoyed reading and engaging the concepts in your article, As Below, So Before…  Chasing down all the references has been most valuable There is always so much to learn.

In 2011 when I backed into our little chart of the universe using base-2 from the Planck units, I wasn’t sure about anything.  I had left my doctoral work behind, way back in 1980 at Boston University. At that time, right in the face of quantum physics, I had been on a ten-year search for a “perfected state in space-time.” Yes, I was an oddball, seemingly in search of a whirling dervish. Now, over 72, I have to keep track of things by writing it down.

I noticed that I did not give you quite the right link to our page with your image (which includes a link to our page about your work). Both were homepages for about a week. That would be either:  or

Thanks for all that you do.

Most sincerely,

First email: Friday, December 27, 2019 at 7:30 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. Karen Crowther:

The concept of “as below” could be followed by “so it is for everything, everywhere, for all time.”

I noticed Max Planck’s work is not part of your synchronic-diachronic  and your an inter-level (hierarchical conception) – an intra-level (‘flat’ conception) analyses.

Could the Planck base units actually be a definition of the very first moment of time? His simple math offers some encouragement.

I’ll continue my study of your work, but thought you might enjoy learning a little about  a rather idiosyncratic work based on the Planck units, base-2 exponentiation, cubic-close close packing of primordial spheres, and the 202 notations that emerge. It is all numbers, all causal sets uniquely defined.

You can well imagine that I would enjoy hearing your comments!

Best wishes,

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