“If the anomaly in S8 and the Hubble constant stands the test of time, then both may imply new physics.” – Avi Loeb

Avi Loeb, The Center for Astrophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Articles by Avi
ArXiv (741): Overview of the Galileo Project, August 2022; Direct Measurement of Cosmological Parameters from the Cosmic Deceleration of Extragalactic Objects, 1998, plus more.
Books: Extraterrestrial, 2021
Homepage(s): Google Scholar, IAS, inSPIREHEP Scientific American, Smithsonian, Wikipedia
Publications: Quote (in the header just above): Our Unexpectedly Smooth Universe May Point To New Physics, Govert Schilling, Sky & Telescope, July 31, 2020
Twitter: National Cathedral
YouTube: CNBC, TOE

First email: 10 September 2022 @ 3:29 PM (an updated version)

Dear Prof. Dr. Avi Loeb:

You are open to idiosyncratic concepts. The question is, “…just how idiosyncratic?” Our work all started with simple math and geometry in a high school and I do not think it will be a waste your time to review a bit of our work.

By the way, we share some commonalities.

In 1972 at Harvard I worked with Arthur Loeb back within the Philomorphs. In the attic of Sever Hall, geometry was everything; Bucky Fuller was part of it.  In 1975 with Arthur McGill over in the Divinity School, we studied Austin Farrer’s Finite and Infinite and it seared in my mind with the need for a better, more encompassing definition of infinity.

Later, in 1979 I was invited by Steven Weinberg to come by his Lyman office. My last note to him was just ten days before his death. With my mixed bag of studies, continuity-symmetry-harmony were not particularly meaningful to him, but he didn’t call it utter nonsense to my face! He would with these two articles: First three minutes revisited and Dark Matter-Dark Energy.

So I ask, “Might we take the Planck base units as the symbolic representation of the first moment in time? Might we apply base-2 to those units to create a chart with boundaries and parameters?” There are just 202 base-2 notations from that first moment to this day. From Notation-1 to Notation-143, essentially the first second, it captured and is currently capturing all but a microsecond of classic big bang cosmology.

Much more recently I found that continuity-symmetry-harmony describe the three faces of pi and, of course, pi is involved with the most pivotal equations of physics. Might pi also define the first units of space-time? …an infinitesimal sphere?  If so, that sphere emerges about 64 notations from the first measurements of quantum fluctuations.

May I go on?  Thank you.

Most sincerely,


PS. Eleonora Di Valentino (and colleagues at Snowmass 2021) also raised the spectre that S8 could be calling for a new physics. -BEC


Note: John Langeloth Loeb Jr. CBE is another Loeb in my life. An American businessman, former United States Ambassador to Denmark, and former delegate to the United Nations, he is an advocate for religious freedom and separation of church and state. In 2009 he founded the George Washington Institute for Religious Freedom located in Rhode Island. He is another very impressive Loeb! -BEC