Banks, Tom

Tom Banks

Rutgers NHETC (New High Energy Theory Center)
New Brunswick (and across the Rantan River in Piscataway) New Jersey

ArXiv: The Holographic Space-Time (HST) Model of Cosmology   (5 June, 2018)
Why The Cosmological Constant is a Boundary Condition (31 October 2018)
Homepage (Rutgers)  Also: University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC)
Wikipedia: “…with Willy Fischler, Stephen Shenker, and Leonard Susskind… originators of M(atrix) theory, or BFSS Matrix Theory, an attempt to formulate M theory in a nonperturbative manner.”
YouTube: A Holographic Quantum Theory of Spacetime

References within this website: https://81018.com/believed/

First email: Sunday, June 16, 2019

Dear Prof. Dr. Tom Banks:

I am fascinated with your work with Willy Fischler, particularly the HST concept that predicts an early era of structure formation, prior to emergence.

Why not engage the Planck units where they are?

If we apply base-2 notation, in 202 successive doublings, we will have encapsulated the universe in a smooth gradient from the most infinitesimal to the current expansion of the universe. Planck Time within the 202nd notation is just 10.9 billion years, so only about 2.8 of it has transpired. The only time asymmetry is in this current notation. Because we intuit the first manifestation of physicality at that first notation is a sphere, we applied cubic close packing of equal spheres as a mechanism for expansion and the Fourier Transform as a key part of the dynamics. Fluctuations come later in those notations where densities begin to allow the gap represented within the pentastar, the icosahedron, etc. I superficially realize how entirely idiosyncratic this construct is.

My checkered history includes meetings and a little work with some of the greats. Yet, the only thing I have published on this topic is on web.

What would you do with it?  It has a simple logic.  It certainly adds a lot of character to our understanding of the very early, most infinitesimal universe. Would you encourage further work?

I am sure you remember that landmark 1999 conference.  I just discovered it and make reference it within the 16 June 2019 homepage .

Thank you.

Warmly,
Bruce

Taking notes from your HST Model of Cosmology article:

The theory of Holographic Space-time (HST) sheds new light on these ancient questions. It posits that “nothing” is actually the state of maximal entropy of the universe, because in that state all degrees of freedom in the universe live on the cosmological horizon, with a dynamics that scrambles information at the maximal rate allowed by causality.” Page 3, first paragraph, ] 5 Jun 2018

asymptotically dS space”  Wikipedia: “…n-dimensional anti-de Sitter space (AdSn) is a maximally symmetric Lorentzian manifold with constant negative scalar curvature.

“…the only way in which a direction (or tangent to a path at a spacetime point) can be distinguished is whether it is spacelike, lightlike or timelike. The space of special relativity (Minkowski space) is an example.”

Weinberg’s Theory Group

Related Pages on this site: The First Three Minutes Revisited, Letters

String Theory and Quantum Field Theory:

From the Planck Scale to the Hubble Scale

Steven Weinberg, Jacques Distler, Can Kilic, Sonia Paban (IAS), Willy Fischler and Vadim Kaplunovsky of
University of Texas Austin, Austin, TX, United States

This award funds the research activities of Professors Jacques Distler, Willy Fischler, Can Kilic, Sonia Paban and Steven Weinberg of the Theory Group at the University of Texas at Austin.

“Since its foundation, the Theory Group has had a strong track record of conducting research on a broad range of topics with the goal of exploring the fundamental laws of nature. These topics include the dynamics of the very early universe, the relationship between information and black holes (which may lead to crucial insights into the fundamental theory of gravity), the possible extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics (which describes all known particles and their interactions) and the experimental signatures of such extensions, and the exploration of string theory and formal aspects of quantum field theory. This diversified effort to improve our understanding of nature at the deepest levels is well aligned with the goal of advancing the national interest by maintaining and further boosting the role of the United States as the global leader in theoretical high-energy physics. The Theory Group is also actively committed to making physics accessible to a wider audience and achieving a substantial impact outside of academia. This is achieved through popular lectures given to live audiences as well as over other media, through the publication of books at both the public and technical levels, and through the development of web technologies. In addition, the Theory Group takes pride in the training of graduate students and postdocs who continue on to successful careers in this field.

“Specifically, the avenues of research to be conducted during the term of this project include, but are not limited to, the following: Distler will extend the classification of N=2 four-dimensional superconformal field theories and explore a generalization of important results in topological string theory. Fischler will continue his exploration of the physical effects of theta angles on black hole horizons and their experimental signatures as seen by observers hovering at a fixed distance from black holes. He will complete his research on the effects of shockwaves in de Sitter space and the implications for holographic information. He will study the description of mixmaster universes in the context of AdS/CFT. Fischler will also continue his longstanding work on holographic space-time and revisit the initial conditions for inflation. Kilic will explore aspects of collider physics as well as models of dark matter and their experimental signatures. Paban will study theories of inflation with many fields and the conditions under which they reach the adiabatic limit at the end of inflation. Weinberg will continue the search for a modified version of quantum mechanics that will avoid the usual unsatisfactory aspects while retaining the successes of the existing theory.”

$510,000: 2016 Project Grant from National Science Foundation (NSF)

Barish, Barry C.

Barry Clark Barish
Linde Professor of Physics Emeritus

California Institute of Technology,  Pasadena, California
UC Riverside
Director of the Global Design Effort, International Linear Collider

ArXiv: Search for gravitational waves from a long-lived remnant of the binary neutron star merger GW170817 (October 2018)
CV
Homepage
Nobel Prize 2017
Twitter (Nobel Prize)
Wikipedia
YouTube

From 2physics.com: “5 Needed Breakthroughs”

  1. Understanding what is the dark energy in the universe? (We don’t even have a good idea here.)
  2. What is the dark matter? (This is the other big unknown, but at least we have some handles. We know it is non-baryonic and evidence points to either supersymmetric particles, or maybe axions. Perhaps it is neither.)
  3. What causes mass? (We have a very successful theory of particle physics, but the particles are massless. We need to understand the source of mass. The leading idea is that it is the Higgs mechanism, and we need to see if there is a Higgs particle or variant to make the next step. The Large Hadron Collider at CERN should answer this question.)
  4. Is the neutrino its own antiparticle? (This is a puzzle going back to Fermi and perhaps the next generation of experiments will resolve it by looking for neutrino-less double beta decay.)
  5. Is there ultimate unification of the forces of nature? (This is a long term intriguing simplification on our understanding of particles and fields, but present data does not support it. However, if there is a new symmetry in nature (supersymmetry) it could bring this unification.)
First email: 19 October 2018

Dear Prof. Dr. Barry C. Barish:

To begin to get a modest understanding of your work, I have started my own page of references, along with a copy of this note: https://81018.com/2018/10/15/barish/

I found your work through a webpage from March 07, 2007 listing your five needed breakthroughs (just above). Although you might re-prioritize that list today, it seems that most respectable scientists would still agree with you just as it is.

We have just begun to address some of those questions. Although we have no pedigree, since December 2011 we have been studying an application of base-2 notation from the Planck base units to the age and size of the universe.

Such a simple concept renders rather surprising results:
• There are just over 202 doublings. Our working numbers: https://81018.com/chart/
• Too small to measure, the first 64 notations: https://81018.com/64-notations/
• We ask: Can this be where the answers to your questions are?
• The notations create a natural inflation: https://81018.com/ni/
• The first second emerges within the 143rd notation.
• The 202nd notation is 10.9816 billion years so we are just 2.8 billion years into it.

I thought you might find it all of interest. I don’t think it’s just poppycock… If it is, it seems we’ll have to re-examine the foundations of logic, mathematics, and integrity, and the concepts of continuity and symmetry?

Thank you.

Sincerely,

Bruce

Trnka, Jaroslav

Jaroslav Trnka

TrnkaCenter for ​Quantum Mathematics And Physics
Department of PhysicsUniversity of California, Davis
Davis, CA 95616 USA

ArXivCutting Deep Into The Amplituhedron (Oct. 2018)
ResearchInspire
Resources
Twitter (Jarda’s not active)
Wikipedia (Amplituhedron)
YouTube: Singularity Structure of Gravity Amplitude, 2016, Nordita

Related pages on this website: https://81018.com/redefinition/

First email: 4 August 2018

RE: Key pages within Wikipedia and Google have a few broken links to your work: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amplituhedron and  https://sites.google.com/site/grassmannian2014/

Dear Prof. Dr. Jaroslav Trnka:

Many I call you about your fundamental re-thinking
of space, time, infinity, first principles…  Yes, yes, it has been said,
But don’t step on my favorite theory or the special relics of our history.”

Why not see the universe as one big Planck scale whereby various doubling functions kick in and push the base units up to the current size of the universe,
the current age of the universe, the current mass of the universe, and the current charge of the universe?

https://81018.com/functions

On Monday, I’ll be at SLAC; are you in the area this summer?
Thank you.

Bruce

PS.  I’ll try to fix the broken links on those two pages
referenced above. Also, with some encouragement I could
start a Wikipedia page for you based on your current pages at QMAP and Davis.

PPS.  Everybody knows “…expanding exponentially in every direction,
from an infinitely small, infinitely hot, infinitely dense point,
creating a cosmos filled with energy and matter. 

(quoting Stephen Hawking) is problematic.

The only difference between the quiet expansion and the big bang theory is the first picosecond which defines the first three epochs in the big bang theory. Yes, their Planck Epoch, Grand Unification Epoch, and Inflationary Epoch are exceedingly short. Within our base-2/Planck scale model, those processes involve as many as forty doublings before the Electroweak processes begin, and as many as another 60 to 100 additional doublings before the Quark-then-Hadron processes begin. And, within this model, we are still within the first second of the unfolding universe. That is a lot of space for pure mathematics and geometries. -BEC

Nima Arkani-Hamed says, “Spacetime is doomed.”

From an October 2017 homepage:

Nima Arkani-Hamed1 of the Institute for Advanced Studies in Princeton, with a sweeping naturalness, proclaims “Spacetime is doomed2 (go to 5:45 minutes of 1.22.44). Pacing throughout3, his really-real reality is within his ever-so-illusive amplituhedron4 with a string to a planar N.5 He declares that it’s equal to the perturbative topological B-model string theory in twistor space6 (an ever-so-positive Grassmannian7) (related ArXiv article).

To which I reply, “Yes, of course. We knew that.”


1 The first link goes to our correspondence (mostly emails) to Nima Arkani-Hamed. He has also received a few tweets as well.

2 Spacetime is doomed is a YouTube video. If you go to 5:45 minutes of his 1 hour 22 minute lecture, you will hear that indeed, spacetime is doomed. The entire lecture is his focus on this concept.

3 Pace-Man is our affectionate name for Nima, from his pacing back and forth when he gives a lecture.

4 The amplituhedron has a special place within our work. It was one of many basic structures and by no means is the most basic.  The transformations between circles and spheres to lines and tetrahedra and then octahedra are.

We knew that:

5  The N=4 supersymmetric Yang–Mills theory within Wikipedia is entirely readable, but not easily understood.

6 Twistor space

7 Grassmannian

Letters to Stephen Hawking

/Last update: September 27, 2018 We Communicate With Everybody.   Scholars / Specialists

Stephen Hawking & now his foundation

Died: March 14, 2018
Centre for Theoretical Cosmology
Cambridge University, Cambridge, England

CV PhD thesis
Publications
Website
Wikipedia
YouTube (TED)

References within this website:
• Stephen Hawking was on our homepage.  
Also: https://81018.com/2016/10/16/infinite/
• Hawking was the world’s leading advocate for the big bang theory. In 1975 he published his first major book about it. In 2012 we were just starting our rather idiosyncratic studies within this domain. By 2014 we began to realize that our little model just might have key numbers for each epoch as theorized by big bang advocates. Surely if the simplicity of these numbers begins to resonate, we would hope to receive some acknowledgement from someone within the University of Cambridge, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP). 
• Hawking’s “…infinitely small, infinitely hot, infinitely dense point…” full quote.
• Our first email: August 3, 2014

Most recent email: Saturday, 22 September 2018

TO: Stephen Hawking Foundation
RE: Absolute space and time

To whom it may concern:

In 2011 we backed into an excellent STEM tool applying base-2 exponentiation to the Planck base units. We are still struggling to understand each doubling. From the 67th to the 202nd, current science does its work. That is, those notations go from the scale starting at the edges of measurement by accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider at CERN and proceeds to the current expansion, yes, to the size and age of the universe within the 202nd notation. Because the project started in a high school geometry class and was tested among 6th grades in the primary school, we know it is a terrific organizing tool (STEM), but we believe it can be so much more.

Is this the kind of project about which your foundation would like to learn more and might consider supporting? Thank you.

Most sincerely,
Bruce
****************
Bruce Camber
http://81018.com

PS. We have already engaged some of the leading institutes of the world to help with some of the data sets. With your encouragement we would gladly engage centers close to your work, such as the Perimeter Institute of Waterloo, Ontario, to work with us. -BEC

Final Tweet:  Monday, October 17, 2016

https://81018.com/ and https://81018.com/infinite/ re-opens the 1983 No Boundary Proposal. @tegmark Nice pic of the Mad Hawk

Final email:  Friday, October 7, 2016 at 7:47 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. Stephen Hawking:

Big bang cosmology may not be necessary; a more simple, comprehensive and predictive model may be found in base-2 notation from the Planck scale to the Age of the Universe.  Even the needed inflation is defined within base-2 expansion. It is all so simple, once you know  you know it! Though you and your theory have been attacked since your earliest papers in the 1970s, never has a simple, more comprehensive, alternative model been offered. It has now.

Our offering has slowly evolved since December 2011. We never imagined at that time that we would be coming up inside and behind the big bang cosmology. Never did we imagine that we would engage numbers in such new ways. Never did we imagine that we would have such cause to write to you!

Those who  begin to study the numbers generated by using base-2 from the Planck base units quickly see it. It is that simple.

No less than forty years of research and development, hundreds of thousands of articles, books, conferences, discussions and videos will have to be redressed. It is OK because the big bang has always been problematic at best; it is poor philosophy and rather debilitating psychology.

Intellectual integrity is on the line.  And, it involves the intellectual integrity of the diverse cultures of our world.

I am hoping against hope that you will earnestly look at the numbers. What is wrong with them?   If there is something there, perhaps we can open the doors on a future based on the continuity, symmetry and harmony inherent within this simple model. It will be a sharp contrast with the nihilism inherent within the big bang.

Thank you.
Most sincerely,
Bruce
* * * * *
Bruce Camber, USA
http://bblu.org
http://81018.com

***

Our second email:  June 30, 2016 at 5:18 PM

References: Is is possible that a quiet expansion defuses the big bang?

Dear Jonathan (and Prof. Dr. Stephen Hawking):

On June 1 that article (linked just above) to which I referred you earlier this month will finally be our “first draft.” This model, based on a rather quiet expansion of the Planck base units using base-2 exponential notation, begins to redefine the first four epochs that define the start of the big bang theory. The Planck Epoch has become the Planck Moment; the Grand Unification Epoch has become a process and your Inflationary and Electroweak Epochs have also become processes.

Just below, I will insert our introduction from our quite-large, horizontally-scrolled chart and I will post this email within our “Letters” for our 3000+ scholars with whom we communicate around the globe.

Of course, we will inform you and the people of the DAMPT of our progress or lack of it.

I send you our best wishes for your well-being and that of all the DAMPT people,

Most sincerely,

Bruce
*************
Bruce Camber, USA
https://81018.com/  and  http://bblu.org
************

Redefining the big bang theory through this quiet expansion of 201+ notations:
The following three questions need to be addressed by this simple mathematical model of the universe called Quiet Expansion (QE):
1. Can this quiet expansion defuse the big bang theory? The math within the QE model redefines the first four and most-key elements of the big bang theory (bbt). If it is defused and becomes an historic statement, From Lemaître to Hawking, science can move on within well-prescribed boundary conditions and known parameters. The first four “epochs” of the big bang theory can readily be subjected to redefinition. These “epochs” amount to less than a trillionth-of-a-trillionth a second.
2. Are ethics and values built into the fabric of the universe? The QE model establishes a simple continuity equation from the first moment in time through the Age of the Universe to this day and this moment. These simple mathematical constructions quickly evolve as geometrical constructions and symmetry groups. These become dynamic and harmonic. Continuity, symmetry and harmony are the foundations for a natural value equation deep-seated within the universe. Most every flavor of ethics, morals, and values can be appreciated for what they do and don’t do, and for why they are.
3. How can we more fully understand the finite-infinite relation? This finite-infinite relation is perhaps best described as a study of perfection and moments of perfection and that the geometries and mathematics of imperfection are also better defined and understood as a result.

Planck Moment: The finite-infinite relation most intimately defines the first notation and is necessarily within all notations building from the first. An infinitesimally short duration, it is the beginning that creates space and time and then extends within space and time much like the birthing process. The Planck base units are our simplest-deepest-best description of this moment as of today.

Grand Unification and the Electroweak Processes: Based on the fact that entities and things require a necessary amount of space that only becomes available from the 67th notation and above, the first 60 to 66 notations are foundational to all notations. Using the analogy of the birthing process, all the forms-and-functions, then processes-and-procedures, and then relations-and-systems prior to the actual birthing event, are the first 60 or so notations. Here that finite-infinite relation creates the foundational order, the most basic relations, and many dynamical systems prior to the uniqueness of every reasonable analogue to the birthing event.

The Grand Unification processes continue beyond the 67th notation as specific Unification processes. The electroweak processes now begin to manifest and the measurements given by the big bang theorists can be tweaked and integrated within the quiet expansion model.

Inflationary Processes: Just as there are still many many questions about cellular division, there are even more open questions within this model. However, the force, the infinitesimal amount of energy, available to this process are working ratios of the Planck base units whereby order, relations, and dynamics evolve with a perfect continuity, perfect symmetry, and a deep harmony within every sphere and basic structure. This concept was initially put forth as a philosophical orientation to life, and then it was explored in a post about numbers called, On Constructing the Universe From Scratch (pp.5f).

Our first email: August 3, 2014

My dear Prof. Dr. Stephen Hawking:

I think a high school geometry class, although very rough around the edges with major conceptual leaps, is closing in on a very real, elegant, simple model of the universe that involves base-2 exponential notations to define the boundary conditions from the Planck Length to the Observable Universe including 3D tilings that begin with the tetrahedral-octahedral truss, then considers the parallel construct to music and takes Kepler one step further so we might have some harmony within this little universe.

You may enjoy it: https://81018.com/2014/05/21/propaedeutics/     Thanks.

Warmly,

Bruce