# Tom Banks

**Rutgers **NHETC (New High Energy Theory Center)

New Brunswick (and across the Rantan River in Piscataway) New Jersey

**ArXiv**: *The Holographic Space-Time* (**HST**) *Model of Cosmology** *(5 June, 2018)

*Why The Cosmological Constant is a Boundary Condition* (31 October 2018)

**Homepage** (Rutgers) Also: University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC)

**Wikipedia**: “*…with Willy Fischler, Stephen Shenker, and Leonard Susskind… originators of M(atrix) theory, or BFSS Matrix Theory, an attempt to formulate M theory in a nonperturbative manner*.”

**YouTube**: A Holographic Quantum Theory of Spacetime

**References within this website**: https://81018.com/believed/

First email: Sunday, June 16, 2019

Dear Prof. Dr. Tom Banks:

I am fascinated with your work with Willy Fischler, particularly the HST concept that predicts an early era of structure formation, prior to emergence.

Why not engage the Planck units where they are?

If we apply base-2 notation, in 202 successive doublings, we will have encapsulated the universe in a smooth gradient from the most infinitesimal to the current expansion of the universe. Planck Time within the 202nd notation is just 10.9 billion years, so only about 2.8 of it has transpired. The only time asymmetry is in this current notation. Because we intuit the first manifestation of physicality at that first notation is a sphere, we applied cubic close packing of equal spheres as a mechanism for expansion and the Fourier Transform as a key part of the dynamics. Fluctuations come later in those notations where densities begin to allow the gap represented within the pentastar, the icosahedron, etc. I superficially realize how entirely idiosyncratic this construct is.

My checkered history includes meetings and a little work with some of the greats. Yet, the only thing I have published on this topic is on web.

What would you do with it? It has a simple logic. It certainly adds a lot of character to our understanding of the very early, most infinitesimal universe. Would you encourage further work?

I am sure you remember that landmark 1999 conference. I just discovered it and make reference it within the 16 June 2019 homepage .

Thank you.

Warmly,

Bruce

**Taking notes from your HST Model of Cosmology article**:

“**The theory of Holographic Space-time (HST)** sheds new light on these ancient questions. It posits that “nothing” is actually the state of maximal entropy of the universe, because in that state all degrees of freedom in the universe live on the cosmological horizon, with a dynamics that scrambles information at the maximal rate allowed by causality.” Page 3, first paragraph, ] 5 Jun 2018

“**asymptotically dS space” ** Wikipedia: “…*n*-dimensional anti-de Sitter space (AdS_{n}) is a maximally symmetric Lorentzian manifold with constant negative scalar curvature**.
**

“…the only way in which a direction (or tangent to a path at a spacetime point) can be distinguished is whether it is spacelike, lightlike or timelike. The space of special relativity (Minkowski space) is an example.”