The Finite and the Infinite

Most recent update: Sunday, 8 October 2017   Prior homepage  Next homepage   On Time

Stephen Hawking and Max Tegmark
Stephen Hawking – Max Tegmark

The relation between the Finite and the Infinite is rather hotly debated, mostly between people who equate the infinite with God and those who have no place for any kind of god. Yet, the infinite also creates conundrums within science. In 2014, MIT physicist, Max Tegmark advocated, “I’m betting that we also need to let go of it.” He wants to retire what he and others call an incorrect assumption – infinity. His friend, Stephen Hawking, opened that door with his 1983 No Boundary Proposal that holds that the universe has no beginning or end.1

“Not so fast y’all” as it is said along the banks of the Mississippi River in New Orleans. With these two thought leaders, Hawking and Tegmark, it should be acknowledged that both are being speculative and that their concepts are brilliantly incomplete.

In the Big Board-little universe model using base-2 notation from the Planck Time to the Age of the universe, the entire physical universe is contained within just over 200 notations that are highly-integrated and totally-predictive. Notations are also known as clusters, doublings, groups, sets or steps. Within the first second of the universe, there is more than enough “natural inflation” from the Planck Charge to get “things” going. As a result of studying and working with this model since December 2011, there are many-many facets to explore, however one of the most important is that this model logically suggests that time is derivative and that the finite and the infinite are perhaps best understood in terms of continuity, symmetry and harmony.

Continuity. Though an unusual way to define infinity, even with quantum indeterminacy, continuity throughout the universe is the bedrock of science, logic, and rational thought. Numbers clarify this continuity. If we were to carry our measurements out a billion places, the universe and its systems around us would still replicate day after day with utmost precision.

Within this model, continuity is more fundamental than time; it begets time. It is the initial condition of order.  More…

molecule

The complexity of a single molecule

 

Symmetry. The second face of the infinite is symmetry. Though so much of life is asymmetrical, the deepest examination of any physical thing begins to reveal deeper symmetries. Numbered relations define those symmetries, relations are created, and the universe appears to be tiled and tessellated deeply within every notation throughout the model. Here symmetry is more fundamental than space; it begets space.  More…

Harmony. Speculating, it is hypostatized that two symmetries begin interacting within a notation and then across notations, dynamics are created, and though not quite perfect, the interaction of the symmetries perfects the moment for the observer or for the notations involved. Therefore, we have moments of perfection within our experiences of the universe. More…

Our studies. At this point in our studies, there is not much more we can say about how the infinite defines the model and what the model says about the very nature of the infinite. These three insights, although reflective of the model, in part come out of a study of a moment of perfection in 1972,3 then from studies of the book, Finite and Infinite: A Philosophical Essay (Austin Farrer, Oxford, Dacre Press, Westminster, 1943), and from an application to a business model.4    More…

These three qualities became the bedrock for our model of the universe and for discussions about the shared nature of the finite and infinite.

What difference does it make? First, it is a clear contrast to the nihilism of big bang cosmology. Building in strength and popularity over the past 30 years, that nihilism has had a lot to do the fraying of our little world. So much is out of control and spinning apart. Money is not the issue. What we believe and how we believe is. Hope is. Charity is. Integrity is.

Ratio
What is 5000 to 13.8 billion years?

The finite and infinite relation has been the focus of humanity for as long as we have been recording our ever-so-short history. In light of 13.8+ billion years, five thousand years of records is, of course, quite short. We’ve just begun to make sense of it all.

Today in history. The finite is usually associated with physical, limited things. The infinite is often capitalized and associated with godly things, the eternal and everlasting. To our knowledge, Max Tegmark is the first theoretical physicist who has suggested that the concept of the infinite be abandoned. His rationale is that it gets in the way. He cannot make it work for the science he wants to create. Within these many articles, we hope to convince him, Hawking, Guth and so many others to re-engage our simple definition of the infinite. It does not require a religion or religious beliefs. Notwithstanding, it also does not necessarily fly in the face of those who believe in a much more robustly-defined Infinite.

We can all begin to tolerate each other.

This is our simple introduction to a very large topic and we will return to this page often to expand its range and its depth.

1 A general introduction: See the prior homepage. Also, this Wikipedia article about the 1983 Hartle-Hawking State (wave function) provides even more information.
2 This construct was introduced within these pages at the end of the year, December 2015.
3 This construct goes back to work in 1972 at both Synectics Education Systems in Cambridge, Massachusetts and the Harvard Philomorphs with Arthur Loeb and Buckminster Fuller.
4 The original construct was used as the foundation of a business model for a weekly television series, Small Business School, that Bruce Camber and Hattie Bryant started in 1994. It aired on PBS-TV stations throughout the USA and on the Voice of America around the world for over 50 seasons (2012).

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Related homepages:

Key references: Communications

Letters to Stephen Hawking

/Last update: September 27, 2018 We Communicate With Everybody.   Scholars / Specialists

Stephen Hawking & now his foundation

Died: March 14, 2018
Centre for Theoretical Cosmology
Cambridge University, Cambridge, England

CV PhD thesis
Publications
Website
Wikipedia
YouTube (TED)

References within this website:
• Stephen Hawking was on our homepage.  
Also: https://81018.com/2016/10/16/infinite/
• Hawking was the world’s leading advocate for the big bang theory. In 1975 he published his first major book about it. In 2012 we were just starting our rather idiosyncratic studies within this domain. By 2014 we began to realize that our little model just might have key numbers for each epoch as theorized by big bang advocates. Surely if the simplicity of these numbers begins to resonate, we would hope to receive some acknowledgement from someone within the University of Cambridge, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP). 
• Hawking’s “…infinitely small, infinitely hot, infinitely dense point…” full quote.
• Our first email: August 3, 2014

Most recent email: Saturday, 22 September 2018

TO: Stephen Hawking Foundation
RE: Absolute space and time

To whom it may concern:

In 2011 we backed into an excellent STEM tool applying base-2 exponentiation to the Planck base units. We are still struggling to understand each doubling. From the 67th to the 202nd, current science does its work. That is, those notations go from the scale starting at the edges of measurement by accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider at CERN and proceeds to the current expansion, yes, to the size and age of the universe within the 202nd notation. Because the project started in a high school geometry class and was tested among 6th grades in the primary school, we know it is a terrific organizing tool (STEM), but we believe it can be so much more.

Is this the kind of project about which your foundation would like to learn more and might consider supporting? Thank you.

Most sincerely,
Bruce
****************
Bruce Camber
http://81018.com

PS. We have already engaged some of the leading institutes of the world to help with some of the data sets. With your encouragement we would gladly engage centers close to your work, such as the Perimeter Institute of Waterloo, Ontario, to work with us. -BEC

Final Tweet:  Monday, October 17, 2016

https://81018.com/ and https://81018.com/infinite/ re-opens the 1983 No Boundary Proposal. @tegmark Nice pic of the Mad Hawk

Final email:  Friday, October 7, 2016 at 7:47 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. Stephen Hawking:

Big bang cosmology may not be necessary; a more simple, comprehensive and predictive model may be found in base-2 notation from the Planck scale to the Age of the Universe.  Even the needed inflation is defined within base-2 expansion. It is all so simple, once you know  you know it! Though you and your theory have been attacked since your earliest papers in the 1970s, never has a simple, more comprehensive, alternative model been offered. It has now.

Our offering has slowly evolved since December 2011. We never imagined at that time that we would be coming up inside and behind the big bang cosmology. Never did we imagine that we would engage numbers in such new ways. Never did we imagine that we would have such cause to write to you!

Those who  begin to study the numbers generated by using base-2 from the Planck base units quickly see it. It is that simple.

No less than forty years of research and development, hundreds of thousands of articles, books, conferences, discussions and videos will have to be redressed. It is OK because the big bang has always been problematic at best; it is poor philosophy and rather debilitating psychology.

Intellectual integrity is on the line.  And, it involves the intellectual integrity of the diverse cultures of our world.

I am hoping against hope that you will earnestly look at the numbers. What is wrong with them?   If there is something there, perhaps we can open the doors on a future based on the continuity, symmetry and harmony inherent within this simple model. It will be a sharp contrast with the nihilism inherent within the big bang.

Thank you.
Most sincerely,
Bruce
* * * * *
Bruce Camber, USA
http://bblu.org
http://81018.com

***

Our second email:  June 30, 2016 at 5:18 PM

References: Is is possible that a quiet expansion defuses the big bang?

Dear Jonathan (and Prof. Dr. Stephen Hawking):

On June 1 that article (linked just above) to which I referred you earlier this month will finally be our “first draft.” This model, based on a rather quiet expansion of the Planck base units using base-2 exponential notation, begins to redefine the first four epochs that define the start of the big bang theory. The Planck Epoch has become the Planck Moment; the Grand Unification Epoch has become a process and your Inflationary and Electroweak Epochs have also become processes.

Just below, I will insert our introduction from our quite-large, horizontally-scrolled chart and I will post this email within our “Letters” for our 3000+ scholars with whom we communicate around the globe.

Of course, we will inform you and the people of the DAMPT of our progress or lack of it.

I send you our best wishes for your well-being and that of all the DAMPT people,

Most sincerely,

Bruce
*************
Bruce Camber, USA
https://81018.com/  and  http://bblu.org
************

Redefining the big bang theory through this quiet expansion of 201+ notations:
The following three questions need to be addressed by this simple mathematical model of the universe called Quiet Expansion (QE):
1. Can this quiet expansion defuse the big bang theory? The math within the QE model redefines the first four and most-key elements of the big bang theory (bbt). If it is defused and becomes an historic statement, From Lemaître to Hawking, science can move on within well-prescribed boundary conditions and known parameters. The first four “epochs” of the big bang theory can readily be subjected to redefinition. These “epochs” amount to less than a trillionth-of-a-trillionth a second.
2. Are ethics and values built into the fabric of the universe? The QE model establishes a simple continuity equation from the first moment in time through the Age of the Universe to this day and this moment. These simple mathematical constructions quickly evolve as geometrical constructions and symmetry groups. These become dynamic and harmonic. Continuity, symmetry and harmony are the foundations for a natural value equation deep-seated within the universe. Most every flavor of ethics, morals, and values can be appreciated for what they do and don’t do, and for why they are.
3. How can we more fully understand the finite-infinite relation? This finite-infinite relation is perhaps best described as a study of perfection and moments of perfection and that the geometries and mathematics of imperfection are also better defined and understood as a result.

Planck Moment: The finite-infinite relation most intimately defines the first notation and is necessarily within all notations building from the first. An infinitesimally short duration, it is the beginning that creates space and time and then extends within space and time much like the birthing process. The Planck base units are our simplest-deepest-best description of this moment as of today.

Grand Unification and the Electroweak Processes: Based on the fact that entities and things require a necessary amount of space that only becomes available from the 67th notation and above, the first 60 to 66 notations are foundational to all notations. Using the analogy of the birthing process, all the forms-and-functions, then processes-and-procedures, and then relations-and-systems prior to the actual birthing event, are the first 60 or so notations. Here that finite-infinite relation creates the foundational order, the most basic relations, and many dynamical systems prior to the uniqueness of every reasonable analogue to the birthing event.

The Grand Unification processes continue beyond the 67th notation as specific Unification processes. The electroweak processes now begin to manifest and the measurements given by the big bang theorists can be tweaked and integrated within the quiet expansion model.

Inflationary Processes: Just as there are still many many questions about cellular division, there are even more open questions within this model. However, the force, the infinitesimal amount of energy, available to this process are working ratios of the Planck base units whereby order, relations, and dynamics evolve with a perfect continuity, perfect symmetry, and a deep harmony within every sphere and basic structure. This concept was initially put forth as a philosophical orientation to life, and then it was explored in a post about numbers called, On Constructing the Universe From Scratch (pp.5f).

Our first email: August 3, 2014

My dear Prof. Dr. Stephen Hawking:

I think a high school geometry class, although very rough around the edges with major conceptual leaps, is closing in on a very real, elegant, simple model of the universe that involves base-2 exponential notations to define the boundary conditions from the Planck Length to the Observable Universe including 3D tilings that begin with the tetrahedral-octahedral truss, then considers the parallel construct to music and takes Kepler one step further so we might have some harmony within this little universe.

You may enjoy it: https://81018.com/2014/05/21/propaedeutics/     Thanks.

Warmly,

Bruce