Hu, Wayne

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Wayne HuWayneHu

Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics
University of Chicago

Articles (publications)
ArXiv: Primordial Black Holes as Dark Matter through Higgs Criticality (Dec. 5 2019)
Google Scholar
Homepage  Go deeper.
YouTube: Secondary Anisotropy in the CMB

Wayne Hu has been named the Paul Snowden Russell Distinguished Service Professor in the Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics and the College. Hu’s research seeks to understand how the structure of the universe formed.

Third email:  Sunday, December  29, 2019

Dear Prof. Dr. Wayne Hu:


Second email:  January 9, 2019 @ 6:44 PM

Dear Prof. Dr. Wayne Hu:

I hope you will entertain a rather naive-and-idiosyncratic question from high school people.

In 2011, we backed into a very naive model of the universe within our geometry classes by going within the tetrahedron and octahedron, ostensibly a base-2 application. In 45 steps within, each time dividing the edges by 2 and connecting the new vertices, we were in the area of CERN-labs measurements. In another 67 steps we were within the area of the Planck Scale. When we multiplied our little models by 2, we were at the size and age
of the universe in just 90 additional doublings. Fascinated, we only found Kees Boeke’s base-10 work plus all the derivatives of it including the Scale of the Universe, and Powers of Ten (Morrison, Eames and IMAX). Nobody had bothered with base-2 yet we found doublings are quite natural within so many basic operations in science. So we called it our in-house STEM tool and every once and awhile, we’d go back to it to ask, “What we were missing? What else do we need to know to carry this sweet, naive model forward?”

The first 64 or so notations are most baffling. Obviously below CERN’s ability to measure, it seemed to be an area of pure logic, simple math, and basic geometries. We couldn’t find any references so we’ve become speculative thinkers, possibly just idiots…

My key question for you is this:
Is it possible that dark energy/matter are just the effects of matter/energy and space/time that are just too small for our physical devices to measure directly? Might we just be observing the effects? Our chart of numbers is here:

Please excuse our overly speculative enthusiasm when it breaks out! Thank you.

Most sincerely,


First email:  Thursday, December 8, 2016


Dear Prof. Dr. Wayne Hu:

Your website (reference above) is entirely approachable and highly instructive especially for those of us who are trying to explain things to  high school students (even the 6th graders).


We’ve become a bit idiosyncratic because in 2011 in our New Orleans high school we were studying  nested geometries, tessellations and tilings, and unwittingly  backed into a base-2 model of the universe. We all learned about Max Planck, the Planck Length, the Observable Universe, and so much more. And, we have not stopped! So it was fun for us to discover your website with your doctoral dissertation and years at the University of Chicago. I have been trying to learn more about CMB [2][3]. We are also now searching your Phys. Review  and ArXiv articles as well!

Not long into our studies, we discovered the work of Kees Boeke, a Dutch high school person who did a rather rough outline of a universe view back in 1957. He used base-10 notation: Cosmic View: The Universe in 40 Jumps. He missed about 22 jumps because he didn’t start at the Planck Length or Planck Time and he didn’t go to the Observable Universe or the Age of the Universe.

Base-2 is, of course, so much more granular — the universe in just 202 notations. To develop our chart, we took Planck length-time-mass-and-charge as a given. We reverse ordered temperature (following our logic that everything starts simply). Within the first second between notations 142-to-143, it seems that the temperature is high enough to trigger the quark-gluon plasma and we have what might be called an all-natural inflation.

Do you know anybody who is looking at natural inflation this way? Thank you.

Most sincerely,
Bruce Camber, Coordinator, Big Board – little universe Project
Associate, In search of an integrated view of the Universe:
New Orleans