Another look at the fundamentality of the speed of light

Follow the math and the simplest logic.
Mathematically confirm the speed of light:
Always follow the numbers.

Light. Based on just the accuracy of the determination of the values of Planck Time and Planck Length, the speed of light can be confirmed mathematically. At one second, the Planck Time value is 1 and Planck Length is the distance light travels in one second.  The experimentally-defined speed of light is 299,792,458 m/s in a vacuum. Outside the vacuum, it is a variable. Mathematically, it is also a variable. Our current calculation is: 299,792,437.99 meters/second.

PlancTimeOf course, it is not at all surprising that the Planck Time, Planck Length, and the speed of light correlate throughout the chart given that both Planck Time and Planck Length are defined by the speed of light.

c=pl:ptWhat is surprising is that this simple formula begins to corroborate the basic integrity of the chart and base-2 exponentiation, and it all begs for a much deeper analysis.

For earlier analyses, go to

Yes, the speed of light is approximated at every notation. It generally ranges around ±.1% of the laboratory defined speed, 299,792,458 meters/second.  Just .1% of that value is 299,792 m/s; our current calculations create a range of approximately 213,648 m/s. With our current figures, the highest calculation is 299,982,157 (Notation #16) and the lowest (#3) is 299,768,509.931 (a range of 213,648 m/s). So, Planck’s little equation for Planck Time, Planck Length (lP) divided by light equals Planck Time (tP), seems to be telling us an important story throughout all 202 notations. Of course, more analysis is required.

Work on the chart began in 2011. To review, go to