# Planck Time to this Instant, the Now

## Simple Calculations:

• 60 seconds in a minute (no necessary spin or orbit)
• 360 seconds in an hour  (no necessary spin or orbit)
• 86,400 seconds in a day (24 hours in a day) (involves spin)
• 31,556,952 seconds (365± days in a year) (involves spin)
• 31,556,952,000 seconds per thousand years
• 31,556,952,000,000 seconds per million years
• 31,556,952,000,000,000 seconds per billion years.
• 13.8 to 14.1 billion years is Age of the Universe (acceptable range)
• 435,485,937,600,000,000± or 435.4859376 quadrillion seconds

## Notations: Our nine key time measurements

• One second: Within the 143rd notation from Planck Time.
• One day: At 86,400 seconds, it is within the 160th notation.
• One week: At 604,800 seconds, it is within the 163rd notation.
• One month: An average of 2,629,746 seconds, it is within the 165th notation.
• One year: An average of 31,556,952 seconds, it is within the 168th notation.
• One millennium: 1000 years, an average of 31,556,952,000 seconds, is within the 178th notation.
• One million years: An average of 31,556,952,000,000 seconds, it is within the 188th  notation.
• One billion years, an aeon: An average of 31,556,952,000,000,000 seconds, is within the 198th notation.
• 13.8± billion years is 435,485,937,600,000,000± and is within the 202 notation.

## Putting it all in perspective

• Solar System. So if 31,556,952,000,000,000 is a billion years and our solar system is somewhere around 4.6 billion years (as high as 5 billion years), the simple math, –multiply 31,556,952,000,000,000 by 5 (just for good measure) — the Solar System is about 157,784,760,000,000,000 seconds old when the universe was 277,701,177,000,000,000 seconds old. The simple calculations follow:
• 435,485,937,600,000,000
• 157,784,760,000,000,000
•  277,701,177,000,000,000
• History of Civilization. Traces of human tools out of the Paleolithic era date back 3.3 million years (the Pleistocene epoch of geologic time). The first recorded history is disputed, certainly within  300,000 years and behavioural modernity about 50,000 years ago. First consider 3.3 million years or 3.3 times 31,556,952,000,000 seconds or 1,031,380,051,600,600:
• 435,485,937,600,000,000
•     1,031,380,051,600,000
• 434,454,567,548,400,000  In the grand scheme of  things, humanity is barely a spark within the total age of the universe. If we take 50,000 years of human history, it is clearly within the current 435 quadrillion seconds!